A comprehensive approach to HIV/STI prevention in the context of sexual health in the EU/EEA
This report highlights the benefits of a comprehensive approach to disease prevention, integrating HIV and STI control programming in Europe into broader public health strategies. Attempts to prevent HIV and STI among vulnerable groups can be more effective when seen from the context of sexual health and health promotion. This can be achieved by mapping past and current activities and identifying key stakeholders and potential data sources in the European Union and European Economic Area.
Sexually transmitted infections (STI), including HIV infection, remain a major public health challenge across Europe: STI are not only co-factors for HIV, but, if untreated, can also cause long-term health consequences and infertility.
In 2011, nearly 347 000 cases of chlamydia were reported in countries of the European Union and the European Economic Area (EU/EEA), making chlamydia the most frequently reported STI in Europe. And recently published data show that there is no decline in HIV transmission across the EU/EEA with more than 29 000 new HIV infections reported in 2012.
This report highlights the benefits of a comprehensive approach to disease prevention, integrating HIV and STI control programming in Europe into broader public health strategies, whilst recognising the linkages between different sexual health outcomes and the overlap and synergy between the interventions required to address HIV/STI and other aspects of sexual health. Groups most vulnerable to infection, including young people, men who have sex with men (MSM), sex workers, migrants, people living with HIV (PLHIV), populations at risk of sexual violence, and people who inject drugs (PWID) experience a range of sexual health needs. Vulnerability among these individuals is determined not only by risk behaviour, such as unprotected sex, but by social structural determinants that can affect access to healthcare and education. As poor sexual health, including HIV and STIs, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in Europe, prevention efforts need to be strengthened.
The overall aim of this project was to increase the understanding of how HIV and STI can be prevented among vulnerable groups in the broader context of sexual health and health promotion. This aim was achieved by mapping past and current activities, key stakeholders, and potential data sources in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA).
HIV and men who have sex with men - Monitoring implementation of the Dublin Declaration on partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia: 2018 progress report
10 Jan 2020 - This report is part of the 2018 progress reports monitoring the implementation of the Dublin Declaration. It presents the situation among men who have sex with men (MSM), a key group affected by HIV in the WHO European Region, and outlines priorities for action.
ECDC Evidence Brief: Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention in Europe and Central Asia
28 Nov 2019 - This evidence brief summarises key issues and priorities for action in Europe and Central Asia on PrEP. It is largely based on data collected in 2018 and 2019 by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) to monitor implementation of the 2004 Dublin Declaration. The monitoring questionnaire was disseminated to the 53 countries that are part of the WHO European Region, plus Kosovo and Liechtenstein via an online survey.
HIV testing, Monitoring implementation of the Dublin Declaration on partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia: 2018 progress report
27 Nov 2019 - This report presents the situation of HIV testing in Europe and Central Asia. It summarises data on implementation of national guidelines that shape HIV testing policies, the provision and uptake of HIV testing services in general and among key populations, and efforts being made to widen engagement with HIV testing and reduce late diagnosis.