World AIDS Day 2019 - Taking a closer look: HIV in women in Europe

1 Dec 2019

Around the globe, more women than men live with HIV. Does the same apply to Europe? We will take a closer look at trends and risk factors for HIV among women.

World AIDS Day - picture of T-shirts with red ribbon

Overall, the HIV epidemic in the countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) persists largely unchanged with annually around 30 000 newly reported diagnoses.

What role do women play in the on-going European HIV epidemic? What, if any, are the differences between the regions across Europe and how can we inform prevention and control efforts so they include gender-sensitive services?

New data 

Many women in Europe, particularly those over 40, are diagnosed at a late stage of HIV infection when their immune system is already starting to fail. They are three to four times more likely to be diagnosed late than younger women.

Marking World AIDS Day 2019,  ECDC and the WHO Regional Office for Europe released new data on HIV and AIDS which show that women accounted for one-third of the 141 000 new HIV diagnoses in the Region. This indicates that this population needs more attention in Europe's prevention and outreach efforts.


Half of all women with HIV are diagnosed late in Europe

Press release -


HIV/AIDS surveillance in Europe 2019 - 2018 data

Surveillance report -


Infographic: Reported HIV transmission modes in the EU/EEA

Infographic -


Infographic: HIV and AIDS in the EU/EEA in 2018



Infographic: HIV transmission risk pattern in Europe

Infographic -


Infographic: HIV late Diagnosis - 2018 data

Infographic -


HIV testing, Monitoring implementation of the Dublin Declaration on partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia: 2018 progress report

Technical report -


ECDC Evidence Brief: Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention in Europe and Central Asia

Technical report -


Presentation: HIV/AIDS Surveillance 2019 - 2018 data

Presentation -

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