Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems in the context of COVID-19: first update
This document aims to provide guidance for public health authorities in EU/EEA countries and the UK on the ventilation of indoor spaces in the context of COVID-19.
- It is now well-established that COVID-19 transmission commonly occurs in closed spaces;
- If well-maintained and adapted for use in the COVID-19 pandemic, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems may have a complementary role in decreasing potential airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2;
- Four bundles of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) should be considered to reduce potential airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in closed spaces: the control of COVID-19 sources in closed spaces; engineering controls in mechanically ventilated (by HVAC systems) and naturally ventilated closed spaces; administrative controls; and personal protective behaviour.
Changes to the current update
The first update of the ECDC ventilation guidance document contains:
- key new findings that emphasise four bundles of NPIs to reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in closed spaces;
- updated references on the evidence of transmission in closed spaces;
- recommendations based on the new evidence and on national and international guidance; and
- an overview of national guidance ventilation documents in the context of COVID-19 based on an inquiry sent to ECDC’s National Focal Points (NFPs) for Preparedness and Response and NFPs for Influenza and other respiratory diseases.
Overview of the implementation of COVID-19 vaccination strategies and deployment plans in the EU/EEA
Protocol for a focused after-action review on evidence-based decision-making for selected COVID-19 response measures
Data collection on COVID-19 outbreaks in closed settings with a completed vaccination programme: long-term care facilities, version 2.0
Partial COVID-19 vaccination, vaccination following SARS-CoV-2 infection and heterologous vaccination schedule: summary of evidence
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