Healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in long-term care facilities: HAI-Net HALT database
The HAI-Net HALT online database provides European reference data on healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) from the ECDC-coordinated point prevalence surveys in 2010, 2013 and 2016-2017. The reports of the database are provided through the European Surveillance System (TESSy). Please refer to the corresponding protocols for methodological details and to the published survey reports for interpretation of the results.
Reports and protocols
Point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European long-term care facilities. April–May 2013
Protocol for point prevalence surveys of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European long-term care facilities
Protocol for validation of point prevalence surveys of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European long-term care facilities – Version 1.1
About the database
The HAI-Net HALT interactive database displays the selected results in various formats, such as tables, graphs and maps. Please note that Print and PDF icons above will only generate the default page of the database and not the variables selected.
Important legal notice
The information on this site is subject to a copyright notice.
Neither the European Commission, ECDC, nor any person acting on its behalf is liable for any use made of the information on this site.
Regarding access and use of the data by third parties, please refer to: Access to TESSy data
How representative are the data?
The data have been collected at the national level under the responsibility of each participating country during national point prevalence surveys, following the methodology specified in the related ECDC protocols.
The representativeness of the data varies considerably by country. Footnotes are provided in each related report to avoid misinterpretation.
For conclusions and interpretation of results presented through this interactive database, please refer to the related reports.
More on the topic
Healthcare-associated infections in long-term care facilities
In Europe, most long-term care facilities are for the elderly: nursing homes, residential homes and mixed facilities. ECDC monitors the burden of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use through repeated point prevalence surveys.Read more
Approximately 4 100 000 patients are estimated to acquire a healthcare-associated infection in the EU each year. The number of deaths occurring as a direct consequence of these infections is estimated to be at least 37 000 and these infections are thought to contribute to an additional 110 000 deaths each year.Read more
Healthcare-associated Infections Surveillance Network (HAI-Net)
Outsourced microbiological support to hospital-based surveillance of CDI aims to increase the capacity of laboratories in EU/EEA Member States to perform diagnostic practices with high diagnostic accuracy and acquire comparable typing data from C. difficile isolates.Read more
The major cause of antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms from humans remains the use of antimicrobials in human medicine, in the community and in hospitals and other healthcare settings.Read more
Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microorganism (e.g., a bacterium, a virus) to resist the action of an antimicrobial agent. The major cause of antimicrobial resistance remains the use of antimicrobials in human medicine.Read more