Tuberculosis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
Thirty-one EU/EEA countries reported 55 337 TB cases, 10.7 per 100 000 population. The overall notification rate and most country-specific rates continued to fall. However, countries face a number of challenges in reaching the goal to end the TB epidemic.
Foreign-origin TB cases accounted for 33% of cases overall. In countries with TB notification rates higher than 10 per 100 000 population, 20% or less of cases were reported as being of foreign origin.
Multidrug resistance (MDR) was reported for 4% of cases tested overall and for 11–25% of the cases tested in the Baltic countries. Extensive drug resistance (XDR) was reported for 24% of MDR TB cases that underwent second-line drug susceptibility testing.
Treatment success was achieved in 71% of all TB cases, 63% of HIV-coinfected TB cases, 45% of MDR TB cases notified in 2015, and 28% of XDR TB cases notified in 2014.
The estimated TB mortality rate in the EU/EEA, excluding HIV deaths in co-infected TB cases, was 0.8 deaths per 100 000 population, with 4 000 estimated deaths overall.