Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, March 2019
This monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for the period 1 February 2018 to 31 January 2019.
Twenty-nine countries reported measles data for January 2019, with 881 cases reported by 19 countries and 10 countries reporting no cases. Germany did not report measles data for January 2019.
Overall, case numbers continued to increase compared with the previous two months. Romania, Italy, Poland and France had the highest case counts with 261, 165, 133 and 124 cases, respectively.
Notable increases were reported in Italy, Poland, France and Austria.
- Italy reported 165 cases in January, compared with 76 in December and 58 in November.
- Poland reported 133 cases in January, compared with 114 in December and 79 in November.
- France reported 124 cases in January, compared with 54 in December and 61 in November.
- Austria reported 25 cases in January, compared with one in December and four in November.
Measles is an acute, highly contagious viral disease capable of causing epidemics. Infectivity is close to 100% in susceptible individuals and in the pre-vaccine era measles would affect nearly every individual during childhood.Read more
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.Read more
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