Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, July 2019
The monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for 1 June 2018 to 31 May 2019.
Twenty-nine countries reported measles data for May 2019, with 1 905 cases reported by 26 countries and three countries reporting no cases. The Czech Republic did not report measles data for May 2019 (Figure 1). Belgium and Poland reported aggregate data, while all other countries reported case-based data. Cases classified as ‘discarded’ are not included in the figures presented in the report.
Overall, case numbers continued to decrease compared with the previous two months. France, Bulgaria, Italy, Poland and Lithuania had the highest case counts, with 543, 281, 223, 178 and 116 cases respectively (Table 1).
Notable decreases were reported in Italy, Poland, Lithuania and Germany.
- Italy reported 223 cases in May, compared with 306 in April and 227 in March.
- Poland reported 178 cases in May, compared with 197 in April and 265 in March.
- Lithuania reported 116 cases in May, compared with 221 in April and 250 in March.
- Germany reported 51 cases in May, compared with 70 in April and 128 in March.
Notable increases were reported in France and Belgium.
- France reported 543 cases in May, compared with 339 in April and 313 in March.
- Belgium reported 99 cases in May, compared with 36 in April and 70 in March.
Measles is an acute, highly contagious viral disease capable of causing epidemics. Infectivity is close to 100% in susceptible individuals and in the pre-vaccine era measles would affect nearly every individual during childhood.Read more
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.Read more