Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, April 2019
This monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for 1 March 2018–28 February 2019.
Twenty-nine countries reported measles data for February 2019, with 1 082 cases reported by 24 countries and five countries reporting no cases. Lithuania did not report measles data for February 2019 (Figure 1).
Overall, case numbers continued to increase compared with the previous two months. France, Poland, Italy, the Czech Republic and Belgium had the highest case counts, with 188, 178, 160, 115 and 90 cases respectively (Table 1).
Notable increases were reported in France, Poland, the Czech Republic, Belgium, Bulgaria and Ireland.
- France reported 188 cases in February, compared with 125 in January and 54 in December.
- Poland reported 178 cases in February, compared with 123 in January and 114 in December.
- The Czech Republic reported 115 cases in February, compared with 47 in January and 19 in December.
- Belgium reported 90 cases in February, compared with 20 in January and seven in December.
- Bulgaria reported 51 cases in February, compared with zero in January and zero in December.
- Ireland reported 18 cases in February, compared with two in January and zero in December.
Measles is an acute, highly contagious viral disease capable of causing epidemics. Infectivity is close to 100% in susceptible individuals and in the pre-vaccine era measles would affect nearly every individual during childhood.Read more
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.Read more