Rapid Risk Assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the Hajj 2017, Saudi Arabia, 30 August – 4 September 2017
This year, the Hajj takes place between 30 August and 4 September. This document assesses the potential risk of outbreaks and transmission of communicable diseases during the Hajj.
Due to the vaccination requirements prior to travel to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and the preparedness plans addressing the management of health hazards during and after the Hajj, the overall risk of acquiring infectious diseases during the Hajj 2017 in Saudi Arabia is considered to be low.
The risk of communicable disease outbreaks is highest for food- and waterborne diseases and respiratory illnesses due to crowding, but the risk is not considered higher than can generally be expected for international mass gatherings of this size. MERS-CoV activity continues to be reported in the Arabian Peninsula, specifically from Saudi Arabia, and therefore imported cases may be detected in Europe following the Hajj. The risk of transmission of vaccine-preventable and vector-borne diseases is considered to be low.
The national health authorities from countries from where Muslims embark on the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca should apply appropriate strategies for the prevention and control of communicable diseases before, during and after the completion of the Hajj.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
2 Jul 2019 - In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
Rapid risk assessment: Mass gathering event, FIFA World Cup, Russia 2018
28 May 2018 - The aim of this document is to assess the health risks related to communicable diseases for EU/EEA citizens during their stay in Russia for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and the public health implications for European countries after travellers return to their countries.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Potential public health risks related to communicable diseases at the WorldPride festival in Madrid, 23 June–2 July 2017
8 May 2017 - This rapid risk assessment reviews the health risks related to communicable diseases in the context of the WorldPride festival in Madrid, from 23 June to 2 July 2017.