Rapid risk assessment: Hepatitis A outbreaks in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men, 2nd update, 19 May 2017
Since June 2016, 1 173 confirmed hepatitis A cases infected with three distinct strains of sub-genotype IA virus have been reported by 15 EU countries. These include 499 new cases compared with the data reported in the last epidemiological update published on 28 April 2017 . Two additional countries reported cases (compared to the first rapid risk assessment update published on 23 February 2017) . Overall, most cases are reported among adult men who have sex with men (MSM); 80 women were also affected.
The main prevention measure in the context of the current outbreaks is hepatitis A vaccination of MSM. The ECDC guidance for HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention among MSM encourages Member States to offer and promote vaccination of MSM against hepatitis A . Information on vaccine availability should be included in health promotion programmes targeting MSM, particularly at sex venues .
This rapid risk assessment is the second update of a previous assessment on the ongoing transmission of hepatitis A virus infection mainly affecting men who have sex with men in EU/EEA countries.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
2 Jul 2019 - In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Potential public health risks related to communicable diseases at the WorldPride festival in Madrid, 23 June–2 July 2017
8 May 2017 - This rapid risk assessment reviews the health risks related to communicable diseases in the context of the WorldPride festival in Madrid, from 23 June to 2 July 2017.
Rapid risk assessment: Multi-country outbreak of hepatitis A virus genotype IA infections affecting EU countries in 2018
21 May 2018 - After the EPIS FWD notification of a cluster of hepatitis A cases infected with two distinct strains in several EU/EEA countries, this risk assessment presents the early findings of this multi-country hepatitis A outbreak and sets out initial options for response.