Communicable disease threats report, 8-14 June 2014, week 24

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 8 - 14 June 2014

​The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases
with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.

Executive summary

he ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control.

This issue covers the period from 8 to 14 June 2014 and includes updates on: 

MERS-CoV
In the past week, eleven additional cases have been reported by the local health authorities in the Middle East. ECDC published its tenth updated rapid risk assessment on 2 June 2014 and an epidemiological update on 5 June 2014.

Chikungunya in the Caribbean
As of 12 June 2014, there have been almost 150 000 suspected cases in the region with at least 14 fatalities. Most of the affected areas continue to report increasing number of cases, Haiti and the Dominican Republic in particular. The Virgin Island (US) have reported the first autochthonous case. Several countries have recently reported imported chikungunya infection in patients with travel history to the affected areas. Vigilance is recommended for the occurrence of imported cases of chikungunya in tourists returning to the EU from the Caribbean. ECDC published an epidemiological update on 5 June 2014.

Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa
In the past week, additional cases have been reported from Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. There has been an upsurge of cases in Sierra Leone during the past week and the outbreak affects seven regions of the country. The risk of infection for travellers is considered very low. ECDC published an updated rapid risk assessment on the 9th June.

Poliomyelitis
In the past week, five new infections with Wild poliovirus 1 (WPV1) were reported, four in Pakistan and one in Equatorial Guinea. ECDC updated its rapid risk assessment on polio on 28 May 2014.

 West Nile virus
West Nile fever (WNF) in humans is a notifiable disease in the EU. From week 23 onwards, ECDC will produce weekly West Nile fever (WNF) risk maps during the transmission season to inform blood safety authorities regarding WNF affected areas. During the past week, no human cases of West Nile fever have been detected in EU Member States or neighbouring countries.

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