Assessing and planning medical evacuation flights to Europe for patients with Ebola virus disease and people exposed to Ebola virus
The aim of this document is to guide decision-making when there is a perceived need for medical evacuation by air of an Ebola-infected or Ebola-exposed person from an Ebola-affected country to an EU Member State.
The outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa is raising a number of questions related to the evacuation of people who have been exposed to, or infected with, Ebola virus.
Within the EU, there are currently no commonly agreed-upon criteria for deciding when medical evacuation by air is recommended, and there is no guidance on how such evacuations should be carried out. The technical capacity for medically evacuating EVD patients and people exposed to Ebola virus by air varies among Member States. All in all, the overall experience in this area, both in the civil and military sector, remains limited in the EU Member States.
The decision to evacuate must be based on:
- the likelihood of the person being infected with Ebola virus;
- the potential benefits of evacuation for the concerned person/patient;
- the risks associated with medical evacuation by air for the person/patient; and
- the risk of transmission to the crew and accompanying medical staff.
Ebola preparedness peer review mission, Romania
8 Oct 2015 - This mission report describes the visit to Romania in March of an ECDC led team of experts at the invitation of the Romanian government.
Public health emergency preparedness for cases of viral haemorrhagic fever (Ebola) in Belgium: a peer review
8 Oct 2015 - In March 2015, ECDC conducted a country visit in Belgium to explore the level of Ebola preparedness.
Public health emergency preparedness for cases of viral haemorrhagic fever (Ebola) in Portugal: a peer review 30 March – 1 April 2015
22 Jun 2015 - Following an invitation from the Portuguese public health authorities, an ECDC team visited Lisbon to conduct a review of Portugal’s emergency preparedness systems for imported cases of viral haemorrhagic fever (Ebola).