Prevention and control measures for HIV infection and AIDS
Even though HIV is preventable through effective public health measures, the HIV epidemic persists largely unchanged in the countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) – with around 30 000 newly reported diagnoses every year.
ECDC estimates that around 810 000 people are currently living with HIV in the EU/EEA – of which 122 000 (15%) are not aware of their infection.
If diagnosed and treated early enough, people can live long and healthy lives with HIV. To reach the estimated 15% who are not aware of their infection, Europe needs to increase efforts to promote and facilitate more testing for HIV. And link those diagnosed to care.
Response should be strengthened and tailored to each country’s specific needs in order to control the HIV epidemic in Europe. This includes implementation of targeted, evidence-based HIV prevention programmes for key populations who are most at risk but might not be reached by (or are not responding to) current interventions like men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs and migrants from countries with generalised epidemics.
A quick and simple blood test will tell if one is infected or not – knowledge that can help protect their own health and that of others
Reorienting health systems to care for people with HIV beyond viral suppression
The European gonococcal antimicrobial surveillance programme (Euro-GASP) appropriately reflects the antimicrobial resistance situation for Neisseria gonorrhoeae in the European Union/European Economic Area
ECDC Evidence Brief: Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention in Europe and Central Asia
HIV testing strategies employed in health care settings in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA): evidence from a systematic review
HIV among women in the WHO European Region - epidemiological trends and predictors of late diagnosis, 2009-2018
HIV testing strategies outside of health care settings in the European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA): a systematic review to inform European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control guidance
Estimating the 'PrEP Gap': how implementation and access to PrEP differ between countries in Europe and Central Asia in 2019
Use of, and likelihood of using, HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men in Europe and Central Asia: Findings from a 2017 large geosocial networking application survey