Prevention and control measures for HIV infection and AIDS

Even though HIV is preventable through effective public health measures, the HIV epidemic persists largely unchanged in the countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) – with around 30 000 newly reported diagnoses every year.  

ECDC estimates that around 810 000 people are currently living with HIV in the EU/EEA – of which 122 000 (15%) are not aware of their infection.

If diagnosed and treated early enough, people can live long and healthy lives with HIV. To reach the estimated 15% who are not aware of their infection, Europe needs to increase efforts to promote and facilitate more testing for HIV. And link those diagnosed to care.

Response should be strengthened and tailored to each country’s specific needs in order to control the HIV epidemic in Europe. This includes implementation of targeted, evidence-based HIV prevention programmes for key populations who are most at risk but might not be reached by (or are not responding to) current interventions like  men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs and migrants from countries with generalised epidemics. 

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Publication

ECDC Evidence Brief: Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention in Europe and Central Asia

Technical report -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Health crisis in Venezuela: Status of communicable diseases and implications for the European union and European economic area, may 2019

May 2019

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Piloting a surveillance system for HIV drug resistance in the european union

May 2019

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Use of, and likelihood of using, HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men in Europe and Central Asia: Findings from a 2017 large geosocial networking application survey

Apr 2019

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Use of, and likelihood of using, HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men in Europe and Central Asia: Findings from a 2017 large geosocial networking application survey

Jan 2019

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Are European HIV cohort data within EuroCoord representative of the diagnosed HIV population?

Jan 2019

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Potential adjustment methodology for missing data and reporting delay in the HIV surveillance system, European Union/European Economic Area, 2015

Jun 2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Treatment and outcomes in children with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: A systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis

Jan 2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Disability weights for infectious diseases in four European countries: comparison between countries and across respondent characteristics.

Jan 2018

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Active Case Finding for Communicable Diseases in Prison Settings: Increasing Testing Coverage and Uptake among the Prison Population in the European Union/European Economic Area

Jan 2018