West Nile virus risk assessment tool
West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging pathogen whose ecology and epidemiology extend across multiple interfaces. As the epidemiology and transmission cycle of WNV is complex, assessing the risk of WNV being transmitted to humans is not always straightforward. Therefore, the WNV risk assessment tool has been developed to provide operational guidance in support of the risk assessment process. The tool specifically addresses two questions: definition of geographically affected areas and areas at risk of WNV transmission and the triggering of an alert for potential human WNV infection using indicators from different surveillance systems. The document is divided into three parts: key facts about WNV; description of surveillance systems used for WNV and the risk assessment tool.
Risk assessment is a continuous process and the WNV situation changes each year in Europe and will evolve further in the future. Therefore the risk assessment tool will also be regularly revised and updated in response to new evidence on the ecology of WNV in Europe as it emerges.
How are geographically affected areas and areas at risk of West Nile virus (WNV) transmission defined?
When is an alert for potential human WNV infection triggered?
The WNV risk assessment tool provides operational guidance to assist the countries in determining the risk of human transmission of WNV on their territory. Using the information gathered through the surveillance mechanisms they can ascertain the level of risk within an area. Seven possible risk levels are defined. For each risk level, the tool outlines the questions to be answered and suggests obligatory and desirable surveillance activities, as well as public health response measures. In addition, the report offers key facts about WNV and description of surveillance systems used.
The epidemiology and transmission cycle of the WNV is complex and assessing the risk of WNV being transmitted to humans is not always straightforward. Risk assessment at local, national and EU level can help the timely implementation of preparedness activities, control measures, as well as provide information to decision makers
Rapid Risk Assessment: Increased transmission of COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK – thirteenth update
23 Oct 2020 - In this update, we assess the risk for the general population and vulnerable individuals in relation to the increase in COVID-19 notification rates in the EU/EEA and the UK.
Fourth external quality assessment on species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Campylobacter, 2018
26 Oct 2020 - This report presents the results of the fourth round of the EQA on antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) for national public health laboratories for Campylobacter (Campylobacter EQA4-AST) within the Food‐ and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network (FWD-Net). The objectives of this EQA4-AST were to determine the accuracy of quantitative AST results reported by participants; to identify common laboratory problems related to the guidance in the EU protocol, and to assess the overall comparability of routinely collected AST data from national public health reference laboratories across Europe.
Key aspects regarding the introduction and prioritisation of COVID-19 vaccination in the EU/EEA and the UK
26 Oct 2020 - This document provides an overview of the key aspects related to the initial phases following the introduction of one or more COVID-19 vaccines in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) and the United Kingdom (UK). The aim is to support but not define EU policy on COVID-19 vaccination.