Risk assessment on change of testing requirements for partner donation of reproductive cells
In May 2011, the European Commission asked ECDC to estimate the change in total exposure risk to hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during reproductive cell handling and storage for secondary parties, if the current scheme of testing at each cell donation would change to testing partner donors of reproductive cells once or twice a year.
Based on initial findings, ECDC developed a model for the estimation of the residual risk of infection using data supplied by the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology.
Based on initial findings, ECDC developed a model for the estimation of the residual risk of infection using data supplied by the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. Residual risks under the different testing procedures were compared in order to estimate the possible change in risk.
The ECDC risk assessment concludes that the estimated residual risks of an HIV, HBV or HCV infection being transmitted by undetected infection of reproductive cells donated for medically assisted reproduction was found to be relatively small, but not insignificant. If donors were tested at entry and then only every 24 months, an additional 0.5 (HIV), two (hepatitis B) and nine (hepatitis C) cases would be missed for each one million person years. If donors were tested every 12 months, the increases would be even smaller, thereby not constituting a significant increase in residual risk.
Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis sequence type (ST)11 infections linked to poultry products in the EU/EEA and the United Kingdom
25 Feb 2021 - Between May 2018 and December 2020, 193 human cases of Salmonella Enteritidis sequence type (ST)11 were reported in Denmark (2), Finland (4), France (33), Germany (6), Ireland (12), the Netherlands (3), Poland (5), Sweden (6), and the United Kingdom (UK) (122). One in five cases was hospitalised. One death was reported. Fifty percent of the cases were children ≤ 18 years. The most recent case was reported by the UK in December 2020.
Threat Assessment Brief: First identification of human cases of avian influenza A(H5N8) infection
24 Feb 2021 - This Threat Assessment Brief considers the risk of infection related to avian influenza A(H5N8) virus to the general population and the occupationally exposed.
Ebola virus disease outbreak in Guinea, 2021
22 Feb 2021 - On 14 February 2021, national authorities declared an Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the rural area of Gouéké in Nzérékoré region, Guinea. As of 18 February 2021, seven EVD cases (three confirmed and four probable) have been identified, including five deaths.