Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, May 2019
This monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for the period 1 April 2018 to 31 March 2019.
Twenty-seven countries reported measles data for March 2019, with 1 548 cases reported by 22 countries and five countries reporting no cases. Czech Republic, Italy and Norway did not report measles data for March 2019.
Overall, case numbers continued to increase compared with the previous two months. France, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria and Germany had the highest case counts with 295, 248, 219, 188, 185 and 123 cases, respectively.
Notable decreases were reported in Belgium and Austria:
- Belgium reported 68 cases in March, compared with 89 in February and 20 in January.
- Austria reported one case in March, compared with 33 in February and 25 in January.
Notable increases were reported in France, Lithuania, Poland and Bulgaria:
- France reported 295 cases in March, compared with 209 in February and 124 in January.
- Lithuania reported 248 cases in March, compared with 72 in February and 12 in January.
- Poland reported 219 cases in March, compared with 178 in February and 123 in January.
- Bulgaria reported 185 cases in March, compared with 51 in February and zero in January.
Measles is an acute, highly contagious viral disease capable of causing epidemics. Infectivity is close to 100% in susceptible individuals and in the pre-vaccine era measles would affect nearly every individual during childhood.Read more
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.Read more