Congenital syphilis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018
ECDC’s annual surveillance reports provide a wealth of epidemiological data to support decision-making at the national level. They are mainly intended for public health professionals and policymakers involved in disease prevention and control programmes.
- In 2018, 60 confirmed congenital syphilis cases were reported in 23 EU/EEA Member States, a crude rate of 1.6 cases per 100 000 live births.
- For the first time since 2013, the number of notified cases of congenital syphilis increased in 2018.
- This report may include some underreporting: seven countries did not contribute to the reporting of congenital syphilis and a further 12 reported no cases for 2018.
- The low rates of congenital syphilis and of reported syphilis among women suggest that most Member States have effective programmes for elimination of congenital syphilis; the recent 50% increase over the previous year, however, deserves careful scrutiny. Better indicator data are needed to assess the effectiveness of antenatal screening programmes in all EU/EEA countri
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Disease data from ECDC Surveillance Atlas - congenital syphilis
The Surveillance Atlas of Infectious Diseases is a tool that interacts with the latest available data about a number of infectious diseases. The interface allows users to interact and manipulate the data to produce a variety of tables and maps.Read more
European Network for STI Surveillance
The European Network for sexually transmitted infections (STI) Surveillance aims to improve collaboration, build capacity and facilitate robust dissemination of information on STI to inform public health policy and planning across Europe.Read more
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Genital chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the spirochaeta Treponema pallidum. It is the third most frequently reported sexually transmitted disease in the
EU after chlamydia and gonorrhoea.
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria.
Hepatitis B is a liver disease that results from infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is spread through contact with infected body fluids or blood products.
Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis infection, ranging in severity from a mild illness that lasts only a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness resulting in cirrhosis and liver cancer.
HIV infection and AIDS
HIV is a virus which attacks the immune system and causes a lifelong severe illness with a long incubation period. The end-stage of the infection, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), results from the destruction of the immune system.
LGV is a systemic STI caused by a specific type of Chlamydia trachomatis ( serovars L1 , L2, and L3 ).