Communicable disease threats report, week 6, 5-11 February 2012
The ECDC communicable disease threat report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.
Between 5 and 11 February, three threats affecting the EU were followed. An outbreak of Legionnaires' disease associated with a hotel in Spain was identified by the European Legionnaires' Disease Surveillance Network on 13 January 2012. As of 9 February 2012, 18 cases were confirmed, 15 of them being travel-associated. Cases are from the United Kingdom (12), France (2) and Spain (4).
Local measles outbreaks were reported in the media in Spain. There have been 22 cases during the first two weeks of 2012 in Valencia and 77 cases since the beginning of January in Alicante, including 31 reported during the last week. In Romania, a measles outbreak was notified at the Theological Seminary of Arad involving 15 cases, some of whom were hospitalised in a serious condition. Neighbouring countries such as Ukraine, Russia and Belarus also reported measles outbreaks.
Influenza activity continued to increase in week 5 in a very varied way across Europe with no clear geographic progression this season. The dominant viruses remain A(H3N2)-type. Medium influenza activity was reported by nine countries and increasing clinical activity in primary care was reported by 18 countries, compared with 12 countries last week.
Influenza A(H5N1), poliomyelitis and dengue were also monitored. Even though they don’t present a major risk for the EU at the moment, vigilance remains important.
Avian influenza overview – update on 19 November 2020, EU/EEA and the UK
20 Nov 2020 - Since 16 October 2020, outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses have been reported in several EU/EEA countries – Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, and Sweden as well as in the United Kingdom.
Influenza virus characterisation, October 2020
13 Nov 2020 - This is the first report for the 2020–2021 influenza season. As of week 44/2020, only 39 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported to The European Surveillance System (TESSy); 59% type A viruses, with A(H3N2) prevailing over A(H1N1)pdm09, and 41% type B viruses with none having been ascribed to a lineage. This represents a 97% drop in detections compared with the same period in 2019, probably due to the COVID-19 pandemic and measures introduced to combat it.
Influenza virus characterisation - Summary Europe, September 2020
19 Oct 2020 - This is the 10th and final report for the 2019–2020 influenza season. As of week 39/2020, 164 917 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported; 73% type A viruses, with A(H1N1)pdm09 prevailing over A(H3N2), and 27% type B viruses, with 4 480 (98%) of 4 569 ascribed to a lineage being B/Victoria.