Communicable disease threats report, week 6, 5-11 February 2012
The ECDC communicable disease threat report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.
Between 5 and 11 February, three threats affecting the EU were followed. An outbreak of Legionnaires' disease associated with a hotel in Spain was identified by the European Legionnaires' Disease Surveillance Network on 13 January 2012. As of 9 February 2012, 18 cases were confirmed, 15 of them being travel-associated. Cases are from the United Kingdom (12), France (2) and Spain (4).
Local measles outbreaks were reported in the media in Spain. There have been 22 cases during the first two weeks of 2012 in Valencia and 77 cases since the beginning of January in Alicante, including 31 reported during the last week. In Romania, a measles outbreak was notified at the Theological Seminary of Arad involving 15 cases, some of whom were hospitalised in a serious condition. Neighbouring countries such as Ukraine, Russia and Belarus also reported measles outbreaks.
Influenza activity continued to increase in week 5 in a very varied way across Europe with no clear geographic progression this season. The dominant viruses remain A(H3N2)-type. Medium influenza activity was reported by nine countries and increasing clinical activity in primary care was reported by 18 countries, compared with 12 countries last week.
Influenza A(H5N1), poliomyelitis and dengue were also monitored. Even though they don’t present a major risk for the EU at the moment, vigilance remains important.
Influenza virus characterisation, October 2019
11 Nov 2019 - This is the first report for the 2019–20 influenza season. As of week 44/2019, 1 138 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported; 80% type A viruses, with A(H3N2) prevailing over A(H1N1)pdm09, and 20% type B viruses, with 26 of 27 (96%) ascribed to a lineage being B/Victoria.
Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, November 2019
11 Nov 2019 - The monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for 1 October 2018 to 30 September 2019. Twenty-nine countries reported measles data for September 2019, of which 280 cases were reported by 17 countries; 12 countries reported no cases. Overall, case numbers continued to decrease compared with the previous two months. Romania and France had the highest case counts with 112 and 56 cases, respectively. Notable decreases were reported in France, Italy, the United Kingdom and Lithuania.
Influenza virus characterisation, September 2019
14 Oct 2019 - This is the tenth and final report for the 2018–19 influenza season. As of week 39/2019, 205 947 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported; 99% type A viruses, with A(H1N1)pdm09 prevailing over A(H3N2), and 1.2% type B viruses, with 86 of 165 (52%) ascribed to a lineage being B/Yamagata.