Communicable disease threats report, 7-11 October 2013, week 41
The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.
Errata: This version replaces the report uploaded on 14 October 2013 which had erroneous dates. The content has remained the same.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Some of the diseases included in this week’s report are:
West Nile virus
The current West Nile fever (WNF) season is progressing at a comparable rate to previous years within both the European Union (EU) and its neighbouring countries. As of 10 October 2013, 217 human cases of West Nile fever have been reported in the EU and 509 cases in neighbouring countries since the beginning of the 2013 transmission season. See also the latest update on ECDC’s weekly West Nile fever maps.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
As of 10 October 2013, there have been 141 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV worldwide, including 62 deaths. All cases have either occurred in the Middle East or have had direct links to a primary case infected in the Middle East. Twelve cases have been reported from outside the Middle East: in the UK (4), France (2), Tunisia (3), Germany (2) and Italy (1). There have been no cases reported from outside the Arabian peninsula after 1 June 2013.
The continued detection of MERS-CoV cases in the Middle East indicates that there is an ongoing source of infection present in the region. The source of infection and the mode of transmission have not been identified. There is therefore a continued risk of cases occurring in Europe associated with travel to the area. The risk of secondary transmission in the EU remains low and could be reduced further through screening for exposure among patients presenting with respiratory symptoms and their contacts, and strict implementation of infection prevention and control measures for patients under investigation.
Influenza virus characterisation, October 2019
11 Nov 2019 - This is the first report for the 2019–20 influenza season. As of week 44/2019, 1 138 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported; 80% type A viruses, with A(H3N2) prevailing over A(H1N1)pdm09, and 20% type B viruses, with 26 of 27 (96%) ascribed to a lineage being B/Victoria.
Seasonal influenza, Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018–2019
25 Oct 2019 - During the 2017–2018 season, influenza activity started in week 49/2018, peaked in week 7/2019 and returned to baseline levels in week 17/2019. Influenza viruses circulated at high levels between weeks 52/2018 and 12/2019.
Influenza virus characterisation, September 2019
14 Oct 2019 - This is the tenth and final report for the 2018–19 influenza season. As of week 39/2019, 205 947 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported; 99% type A viruses, with A(H1N1)pdm09 prevailing over A(H3N2), and 1.2% type B viruses, with 86 of 165 (52%) ascribed to a lineage being B/Yamagata.