Communicable disease threats report 14-20 April 2013, week 16
The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.
Food-borne hepatitis A outbreak
An outbreak of hepatitis A infection has been reported in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden over the last six months with 68 cases reported as of 17 April 2013, an additional two being reported this week. The source of the outbreak has not been identified but epidemiological investigations in the affected countries point towards frozen berries as vehicle of infection. ECDC’s assessment is that this is this is a multinational food-borne outbreak with a persistent common source. ECDC and the European Food Safety Agency published a joint rapid outbreak assessment on 16 April.
Large outbreaks of measles are continuing in the north-east of England and Wales. A new outbreak has also been reported in Berlin, Germany with 43 cases since February compared to only five for the previous period last year.
Avian influenza A(H7N9)
The CDTR also continues to report on the recent outbreak of avian influenza A(H7N9) in China. Between 11 and 18 April 2013, 49 additional confirmed human cases of influenza A(H7N9) virus, including seven deaths, have been reported from six provinces in eastern China. Since the beginning of the outbreak, 87 confirmed cases have been reported, of which 17 people have died.
The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control.
Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report, November 2019
11 Nov 2019 - The monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for 1 October 2018 to 30 September 2019. Twenty-nine countries reported measles data for September 2019, of which 280 cases were reported by 17 countries; 12 countries reported no cases. Overall, case numbers continued to decrease compared with the previous two months. Romania and France had the highest case counts with 112 and 56 cases, respectively. Notable decreases were reported in France, Italy, the United Kingdom and Lithuania.
Influenza virus characterisation, October 2019
11 Nov 2019 - This is the first report for the 2019–20 influenza season. As of week 44/2019, 1 138 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported; 80% type A viruses, with A(H3N2) prevailing over A(H1N1)pdm09, and 20% type B viruses, with 26 of 27 (96%) ascribed to a lineage being B/Victoria.
Influenza virus characterisation, September 2019
14 Oct 2019 - This is the tenth and final report for the 2018–19 influenza season. As of week 39/2019, 205 947 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported; 99% type A viruses, with A(H1N1)pdm09 prevailing over A(H3N2), and 1.2% type B viruses, with 86 of 165 (52%) ascribed to a lineage being B/Yamagata.