Distribution of Leishmania major zymodemes in relation to populations of Phlebotomus papatasi sand fliesArchived
Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) (Diptera: Psychodidae) is the main vector of Leishmania major Yakimoff & Schokhor (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), the causative agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Old World.
Hamarsheh O.Department of Biological Sciences, Al-Quds University, P.O. Box 51000, East Jerusalem, Palestine Parasites & Vectors Jan. 2011. 4: 9. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-4-9
Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) (Diptera: Psychodidae) is the main vector of Leishmania major Yakimoff & Schokhor (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), the causative agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Old World. Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) was extensively used to type different L. major stocks allover the world. Multilocus microsatellite typing (MLMT) has been recently used to investigate P. papatasi sand flies at population and subpopulation levels. In this article, the association between geographical distribution of L. major zymodemes and the distribution of populations and subpopulations of L. major vector; P. papatasi are discussed.
VBORNET comment: 2010-04-12
Hamarsheh reviews the association between geographical distribution of Leishmania major zymodemes and the distribution of Phlebotomus papatasi, the proven vector of Leishmania major, in the east Mediterranean region. Three main L. major zymodems, MON 23, MON 25 and MON 26 and several variants of MON 26 were reported. Two of them, MON 25 and MON 26, appear predominant and widespread. Authors detailed the results obtained using multilocus microsatellites for Phlebotomus papatasi. Two main populations A and B and 6 subpopulations (A1 to A4, B1 and B2) were identified. The main conclusion of this review is that the wide distribution range of P. papatasi, limited to a certain number of populations and subpopulations, is in correlation with the wide distribution of L. major also limited to a certain group of main zymodemes like MON 25, MON 26 and MON 23, and to other less prevalent variants.
First surveys to investigate the presence of canine leishmaniasis and its Phlebotomine vectors in HungaryArchived
7 Jul 2011 - Hungary is regarded as free of leishmaniasis because only a few imported cases have been reported. However, southern Hungary has a sub-Mediterranean climate, and so it was included in the EU FP6 EDEN project, which aimed to map the northern limits of canine leishmaniasis (CanL) in Europe.
Spatial distribution of phlebotomine sand flies in the Aydin Mountains and surroundings: the main focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in western TurkeyArchived
7 Jul 2011 - An entomological survey was conducted to determine the spatial distribution of phlebotomine fauna and understand the effect of environmental factors.
Canine leishmaniasis surveillance in a northern Italy kennelArchived
7 Jul 2011 - The presence of the disease was shown in the canine population for the first time in 2007 by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). The parasite circulation was confirmed also by direct diagnostic tools, as PCR, cytology and cultural method, performed on different bioptic materials.