West Nile virus in Europe in 2022 - infections among humans and outbreaks among equids and/or birds, updated 16 September 2022
Since last week’s update, and as of 14 September 2022, European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) countries have reported 148 human cases of West Nile virus (WNV) infection and two related deaths. Cases have been reported by Italy (88), Greece (36), Romania (13), Croatia (5), Austria (2), Germany (2) and Hungary (2). Deaths have been reported by Italy (2). EU-neighbouring countries have reported 24 human cases of WNV infection, and one death related to WNV infection in Serbia.
This week, among the reporting countries, the following NUTS 3 or GAUL1 regions have reported human cases of WNV infection for the first time: Vogtlandkreis in Germany and Brasov in Romania.
Since the beginning of the 2022 transmission season and as of 14 September 2022, EU/EEA countries have reported 720 human cases of WNV infection in Italy (472), Greece (192), Romania (34), Hungary (9), Croatia (5), Austria (4), Germany (3) and Slovakia (1). There have been 42 deaths in the EU/EEA - in Italy (25), Greece (15) and Romania (2). EU-neighbouring countries have reported 154 human cases of WNV infection and eight deaths in Serbia.
During the current transmission season, within the reporting countries, human cases of WNV infection were reported from 86 different NUTS 3 or GAUL 1 regions, with the following regions reporting human cases of WNV infection for the first time: Harz and Vogtlandkreis in Germany, Pistoia, Lucca and Monza e della Brianza in Italy, Brasov in Romania and Moravicki in Serbia.
Since the beginning of the 2022 transmission season, 44 outbreaks among equids and 175 outbreaks among birds have been reported by EU/EEA countries. Outbreaks among equids have been reported by Italy (31), Germany (3), Greece (2), Spain (2), Croatia (2), Hungary (2), Austria (1) and France (1). Outbreaks among birds have been reported by Italy (154), Germany (19), Austria (1) and Spain (1).