Weekly influenza update, week 51, December 2017
ECDC and WHO/Europe publish weekly influenza surveillance data in the report Flu News Europe.
- Influenza activity was increasing in countries in western, northern and southern Europe.
- Both influenza type A and B viruses were co-circulating and mixed patterns were observed across the Region.
- Of the individuals sampled, on presenting with ILI or ARI to sentinel primary healthcare sites, 32% tested positive for influenza viruses, an increase over 28% in the previous week.
2017/18 season overview
An early risk assessment based on data from EU/EEA countries was published by ECDC on 20 December 2017. First detections indicated circulation of A(H3N2) and B/Yamagata viruses in the highest proportions. As the A(H3N2) subtype dominated last season, a high proportion of the population should be protected.
From sentinel sources, a higher proportion of type B viruses compared to type A viruses has been detected. A higher proportion of A(H1N1)pdm09 than A(H3N2) viruses have been detected.
For type B viruses from both sentinel and non-sentinel sources, B/Yamagata lineage viruses have greatly outnumbered those of the B/Victoria lineage.
- While low in number, 59% of the genetically characterized A(H3N2) viruses belonged to clade 3C.2a, the vaccine virus clade as described in the WHO recommendations for vaccine composition for the northern hemisphere 2017–18, and 40% to clade 3C.2a1, the viruses of which are antigenically similar to those of clade 3C.2a.
- The Norwegian Institute of Public Health has published an early risk assessment for the influenza season 2017–2018 in Norway. See full report here.
- The US CDC published a Health Alert Network (HAN) notice, regarding increased A(H3N2) activity that affects mostly people aged over 65 and younger children, leading to more hospitalizations and deaths. Based on the moderate vaccine effectiveness, detailed information on recommended antiviral treatment is provided. See full report here.
- Additional information on global influenza activity is available from WHO’s biweekly global updates.
More about influenza surveillance
Seasonal influenza is a preventable infectious disease with mostly respiratory symptoms. It is caused by influenza virus and is easily transmitted, predominantly via the droplet and contact routes and by indirect spread from respiratory secretions on hands etc.Read more
Surveillance reports and disease data on seasonal influenza
Latest surveillance reports and disease data on seasonal influenza; Flu News Europe, Influenza virus characterisation reports, ECDC Surveillance Atlas, Annual Epidemiological Reports.Read more