Communicable disease threats report, Week 46, 8-14 November 2015

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 8 - 14 November 2015

​The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.

Executive summary

This issue covers the period 8 to 14 November 2015 and includes updates on seasonal influenza, West Nile fever, MERS and Ebola virus disease.

Seasonal influenza 2015-2016
Influenza activity across the WHO European Region was at low levels in most of the 42 countries that reported data. ECDC monitors influenza activity in Europe during the winter season and publishes its report weekly on Flu News Europe.

West Nile Fever - Europe
During the past week, no new cases were reported in EU Member States. Israel reported 32 new cases.
In the current transmission season up until 12 November 2015, 106 human cases of West Nile fever have been reported in EU Member States and 174 cases in the neighbouring countries. ECDC publishes weekly West Nile fever risk maps to inform blood safety authorities regarding affected areas.

Ebola virus disease
According to the World Health Organization, there have been no confirmed cases in Guinea in the week up to 8 November. Sierra Leone was declared Ebola-free on 7 November 2015.

Middle East respiratory syndrome – MERS
On 12 November 2015, Saudi authorities reported one confirmed case of MERS in a 47-year-old male from Riyadh. The case is considered by authorities as a healthcare-acquired secondary case.
Since April 2012 and as of 12 November 2015, 1 637 cases of MERS, including 633 deaths, have been reported by health authorities worldwide.