Communicable disease threats report, 26 April-2 May 2015, week 18

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 26 April - 2 May 2015

The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.

Executive summary

This issue covers the period 26 April to 2 May 2015 and includes updates on a Salmonella Enteritidis outbreak in Riga, Latvia, and measles and rubella in Europe.

Salmonella Enteritidis

The outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis appears to have affected more than one hundred Riga Cup ice hockey tournament participants from Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The source or vehicle(s) of the outbreak have not yet been identified. Investigations are being undertaken by the Finnish public health authorities and by the Latvian public health authorities in order to provide further information about the likely time and place of exposure of the cases.

On 29 April ECDC published a rapid risk assessment on this topic.

Measles and Rubella in Europe

In the EU, since the last monthly update, the measles outbreak in Berlin, Germany is still ongoing. New measles outbreaks were detected in France and Austria.

In the rest of the world, measles outbreaks are reported from Serbia, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Brazil, Guinea, Liberia, the Republic of the Congo, and Sudan.

No new outbreaks of rubella were detected in EU Member States since the last monthly update.

The Americas were declared free of endemic transmission of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) by PAHO/WHO on 29 April 2015.