Communicable disease threats report, 1-7 November 2015, week 45

Surveillance report
Publication series: Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR)
Time period covered: 1 - 7 November 2015

​The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 1-7 November 2015 and includes updates on MERS, Ebola virus disease and the influenza 2015-2016 season.

Executive summary

This issue covers the period 1-7 November 2015, and includes updates on West Nile fever, Ebola virus disease, the influenza 2015-2016 season, and an undiagnosed respiratory illness in South Korea.


West Nile fever

During the past week, no new cases were reported in EU Member States. In neighbouring countries, Israel reported four additional cases in already affected districts: Haifa (2), Central (1), and Tel Aviv (1). Serbia reported four new cases, two cases in two already affected areas, Belgrade and South Backa district, and two cases in two newly affected areas, Macva district and Kolubara district.

Influenza - Multistate (Europe) - Monitoring 2015-2016 season

ECDC monitors influenza activity in Europe during the winter season and publishes its report weekly on the Flu News Europe website. The reporting for the season 2015-2016 has started. 
In week 44, influenza activity in the WHO European Region was at low levels in all the 40 countries that reported data.

Ebola virus disease

According to WHO, one confirmed case was reported from Guinea in the week leading up to 1 November. No new cases have been reported for seven consecutive weeks in Sierra Leone, and Sierra Leone was declared Ebola freeon 7 November.

Undiagnosed respiratory disease after unknown exposure at Konkuk animal research facility – South Korea

The Korean Center Disease Control has been investigating cases of respiratory illness linked to the College of Animal Bioscience and Technology building in Konkuk since 29 October 2015. There were 84 suspected cases, of which 52 were hospitalised. At the time of this report, there is no evidence of human-to-human transmission and none of the cases is in serious condition.
There is no indication of risks to EU citizens in South Korea or in Europe.