The climatic suitability for dengue transmission in continental Europe
This report summarises the key findings of a project to develop a series of risk maps demonstrating the current and potential future distribution of dengue in continental Europe, based on current knowledge of global dengue transmission and its mosquito vectors, Ae. Aegypti and Ae. albopictus.
The results show that Europe appears to be at little risk from dengue transmission in comparison with other global locations, even though parts of Europe are potentially climatically suitable as a habitat for Ae. Albopictus.
Europe appears to be at little risk from dengue transmission in comparison with other global locations, even though climatic conditions exist in some parts, new ECDC report concludes.
The report, entitled‘Climatic suitability for dengue transmission in continental Europe‘, summarises the key findings of a project, which developed a series of risk maps demonstrating the current and potential distribution of dengue in continental Europe.
The maps explore the geographical distribution and the climate suitability of dengue and the dengue mosquito vectors - Aedes aegyptiand Aedes albopictus - in Europe to assess which areas could be most suitable for dengue transmission.
The current risk to Europe appears to be minimal, yet some areas are more climatically suitable than others. However, the report provides a relative but not absolute calculation of the risk of dengue transmission.
Much of central and Mediterranean Europe is climatically suitable for Aedes albopictus, states the report; the VBORNET maps on current known distribution of Aedes albopictus show that this mosquito species is already present in many places in Mediterranean Europe. In addition, some areas could potentially be a suitable habitat for Aedes aegypti (the Mediterranean areas of Spain, France and Italy, south-eastern Europe).
The climatic suitability maps can be used as a tool for public health planning. A sensible strategy is to continue to monitor the spread of dengue mosquito vectors in Europeand expand vector surveillance in areas climatically suitable for these vectors.
In 2012 ECDC will produce guidelines to assist the Member States to implement invasive mosquito vector surveillance and improve coverage and harmonisation of data collection within the EU.
Community engagement and institutional collaboration in Iceland during a norovirus outbreak at an outdoor/scout centre (10–15 August 2017)
19 Nov 2019 - This country visit report presents the findings of a case study into an outbreak of norovirus in Iceland that occurred during the period 10–15 August 2017.
Community engagement and institutional collaboration during outbreaks of Shiga toxin/verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli in Ireland
19 Nov 2019 - This country visit report presents the findings of a case study into outbreaks of Shiga toxin/verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC) at childcare facilities in Ireland, conducted in November 2018.
A spatial modelling method for vector surveillance
14 Nov 2019 - Vector borne diseases are a specific group of infectious diseases that are a (re-)emerging threat to Europe. One important aspect of preparedness for vector borne diseases is the surveillance of the introduction, establishment and spread of the main disease vectors. ECDC regularly publishes updated vector distribution maps at the NUTS3 level. This document describes a methodology to estimate the vector distribution status for those NUTS3 units for which observations are not yet available . These estimates are produced with spatial modelling techniques, using the currently available distributions to calibrate the modelling process. This document provides an overview of gap analysis procedures, sets out the full methodology, and also provide s details of which methodological components were used with each output provided.