Treatment as prevention: U.S. CDC introduces clinical guidance on pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published clinical practice guidelines on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the prevention of HIV. In EU, most countries lack implementation data and formal licensure and guidelines.
US CDC report on antibiotic resistance threats in the United States, 2013
Antimicrobial resistance represent a serious threat to public health and patient safety and is a worldwide problem. Each year, in the European Union (EU) at least 25 000 patients die of infections with multidrug-resistant bacteria.
Pertactin-Negative Variants of Bordetella pertussis in the United States
This letter to the editor raises the issue of the adaptation of B. pertussis to vaccine selection pressure as one of the reasons for the increase number of cases of whooping cough reported in several countries.
Cross-species avian influenza among mammalians - report of fatal avian influenza in New England harbour sealsArchived
This academic article describes virological findings and pathological consequences of a strain of influenza A(H3N8) recently identified as part of the investigations of an outbreak of pneumonia among harbour seals in New England in the autumn.
Influenza A (H3N2)v Virus in Humans and Swine in the United States – an updateArchived
A report in the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) MMWR this week describes the investigation of mild respiratory illness among swine and people at a county fair in Indiana, USA between 8 and 14 July 2012. This is an important report as it is very clearly documents simultaneous detection of H3N2v influenza viruses in humans and swine in close contact.
Oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 patterns across the globe: findings in Australia (season 2011) and United States (season 2010-11)Archived
In this letter the authors describe being able to identified a sustained community transmission of oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses in Australia
Application of Virological Risk Assessments: US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) sponsors clinical trials of a vaccine targeted to a novel A(H3N2)v influenza strainArchived
The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) recently announced that it has asked for clinical trials of a vaccine targeted against the novel A(H3N2)v triple reassortment viruses infecting some people in the USA.
Forgotten antibiotics: an inventory in Europe, the United States, Canada, and AustraliaArchived
While the discovery of antibiotics revolutionised the way we treat patients with bacterial infections, bacteria have become increasingly resistant to antibiotics, mostly due to the misuse of these medicines.