Tuberculosis

Macrophage engulfing TB bacteria, SEM. © Science Photo Library

Tuberculosis (TB) is a severe infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, most commonly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB affects the lungs (pulmonary tuberculosis), but can also manifest outside the lungs (extrapulmonary tuberculosis). People are infected with TB by inhaling airborne droplets produced by infectious TB carriers - for example when coughing or sneezing. Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) carriers are asymptomatic and not infectious. About 10% of those with LTBI develop active TB. Read more facts about tuberculosis

Latest updates

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Reporting of interferon-gamma release assay results close to cut-off values

Jan 2021

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Strengthening screening for infectious diseases and vaccination among migrants in Europe: What is needed to close the implementation gaps?

Jan 2021

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Use of a whole genome sequencing-based approach for Mycobacterium tuberculosis surveillance in Europe in 2017-2019: an ECDC pilot study

Jan 2021

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis among migrants in Europe, 1995 to 2017

Dec 2020

Publication

Tuberculosis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018

Surveillance report -
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Data

TB deaths, EU/EEA - SDG target

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Data

Infographic: Tuberculosis in the EU/EEA 2017

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ECDC and WHO Regional Office for Europe Tuberculosis fact sheet 2018

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Chasing the clones

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Tuberculosis in the EU/EEA 2016

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Peer-Reviewed Publication

Epidemic and pandemic viral infections: Impact on tuberculosis and the lung

Oct 2020

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Infectious disease surveillance system descriptors: proposal for a comprehensive set

Jul 2020

Peer-Reviewed Publication

European Union training programme for tuberculosis laboratory experts: Design, contribution and future direction

May 2020

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Completeness of tuberculosis (TB) notification: Inventory studies and capture-recapture analyses, six European Union countries, 2014 to 2016

Mar 2020

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Tuberculosis surveillance in adolescents: What to learn from European Union/European Economic Area data?

Mar 2020

Disease networks

European Tuberculosis Surveillance Network

European Reference Laboratory Network for TB (ERLTB-Net)