Threats and outbreaks
ECDC is monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic, follow our latest updates.Learn more on COVID-19
Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo
The 10th outbreak of Ebola disease in the Democratic Republic of Congo has been ongoing since August 2018.
Read the latest update
Active threats and outbreaks
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and has since spread rapidly, evolving into a full-blown pandemic. ECDC is responding to this outbreak by providing risk assessments, guidance, and advice on public health response activities to EU Member States and the EU Commission.
Read about the COVID-19 outbreak
Read about the risk to the EU/EEA and the UK
Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Cases have been declining in the last few weeks, with more recent cases restricted to rural, hard-to-reach communities instead of the urban areas where the hot spots were previously located. Find out more
Disease / public health area
This page provides information for travellers and public health authorities about health issues related to specific destinations. These issues may arise from disease outbreaks, special events or gatherings, natural disasters, or other conditions that may affect travellers’ health.
Projected baselines of COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK for assessing the impact of de-escalation of measures
Rapid risk assessment: Paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome and SARS -CoV-2 infection in children
Rapid Risk Assessment: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the EU/EEA and the UK– ninth update
Rapid risk assessment: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: increased transmission in the EU/EEA and the UK – eighth update
Rapid risk assessment: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: increased transmission in the EU/EEA and the UK – seventh update
Geographical distribution of confirmed MERS-CoV cases by probable region of infection and exposure in 2019, Saudi Arabia, as of 2 December 2019
World Health Organization recommendations for the influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2020 southern hemisphere season
Conclusions of the twentieth IHR Emergency Committee do not change the ECDC risk assessment for Europe concerning polio
WHO recommendations for influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2019–2020 northern hemisphere season
Threats and outbreaks by disease and country
ECDC monitors current infectious disease outbreaks and assesses the risk to public health in Europe. ECDC experts provides technical support to the EU-level response to such threats.
Interim surveillance case definitions for reporting in EU
During outbreaks, ECDC issues draft interim case definitions for surveillance, to support classifying cases for epidemiological reporting in EU.
ECDC in the field
ECDC supports outbreak investigations through deploying ECDC missions, supporting the EU Med Corps and facilitating national experts participation in WHO and other missions.
ECDC has produced several tools to support and guide outbreak preparedness, investigation and response activities.
This page provides information for travellers and public health authorities about health issues related to specific destinations. These issues may arise from disease outbreaks, special events or gatherings, natural disasters, or other conditions that may affect travellers’ health.View the page
Epidemic intelligence and outbreak response
ECDC supports the response to infectious disease threats in the EU through rapid risk assessments and filed outbreak missionsRead about ECDC mandate