Threats and outbreaks
Dengue in Spain and France
In September, three autochthonous cases of dengue have been reported in Catalonia, Alpes-Maritimes and Rhône. The probability of further spread is very low, as environmental conditions become less suitable for transmission over the autumn season.Read the risk assessment
Measles: check your vaccination status before travelling in the EU
Large outbreaks with fatalities are ongoing in countries that had previously eliminated or interrupted endemic transmission. ECDC monitors the measles outbreaksFind out more
Zika in Hyères city, France
Three cases of Zika virus disease in have been reported in the south of France. The patients had no travel history before they developed symptoms in August 2019, making these the first Zika cases transmitted by a mosquito in Europe.Read our epidemiological update
Healthcare-associated outbreak in Germany
Seventeen patients in 3 hospitals and 1 rehabilitation clinic were affected in this outbreak of NDM-1 and OXA-48-co-producing K. pneumoniae (ST) 307 with additional resistance to colistin.Read the risk assessment
Active threats and outbreaks
Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Cases have been declining in the last few weeks, with more recent cases restricted to rural, hard-to-reach communities instead of the urban areas where the hot spots were previously located. Find out more
Large outbreaks with fatalities are ongoing in EU countries that had previously eliminated or interrupted endemic transmission. Find out more
Disease / public health area
This page provides information for travellers and public health authorities about health issues related to specific destinations. These issues may arise from disease outbreaks, special events or gatherings, natural disasters, or other conditions that may affect travellers’ health.
Epidemiological update: Hepatitis A outbreak in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men
Epidemiological update: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Epidemiological update - Increase in Echovirus 30 detections in Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden, June to July 2018
Rapid outbreak assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Poona infections linked to consumption of infant formula
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of VIM-producing carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa linked to medical tourism to Mexico
Rapid risk assessment: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo – third update
West Nile fever cases by affected areas in Europe and the Mediterranean, 2016 transmission season
West Nile fever cases by affected areas in Europe and the Mediterranean, 2015 transmission season
Recent scientific findings based on literature reviewed after the eighth update of the ECDC Rapid Risk Assessment on Zika virus infection
Threats and outbreaks by disease and country
ECDC monitors current infectious disease outbreaks and assesses the risk to public health in Europe. ECDC experts provides technical support to the EU-level response to such threats.
Interim surveillance case definitions for reporting in EU
During outbreaks, ECDC issues draft interim case definitions for surveillance, to support classifying cases for epidemiological reporting in EU.
ECDC in the field
ECDC supports outbreak investigations through deploying ECDC missions, supporting the EU Med Corps and facilitating national experts participation in WHO and other missions.
ECDC has produced several tools to support and guide outbreak preparedness, investigation and response activities.
This page provides information for travellers and public health authorities about health issues related to specific destinations. These issues may arise from disease outbreaks, special events or gatherings, natural disasters, or other conditions that may affect travellers’ health.View the page
Epidemic intelligence and outbreak response
ECDC supports the response to infectious disease threats in the EU through rapid risk assessments and filed outbreak missionsRead about ECDC mandate