Threats and outbreaks

Active threats and outbreaks

COVID-19

Transmission is still widespread in the EU/EEA even though most countries are experiencing stable or decreasing case rates. However, absolute numbers remain high, with increasing case rates among older age groups and increasing death rates in several countries. Around one third of countries are seeing increases in hospital or ICU admissions and/or occupancy due to COVID-19. This serves as a reminder of the importance of maintaining public health and physical distancing measures and that these measures should not be relaxed, even in countries with decreasing trends.

Read about the COVID-19 outbreak

Read about the risk to the EU/EEA and the UK

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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and supply of substances of human origin in the EU/EEA - Second update

Technical report -

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Communicable disease threats report, 29 November-5 December 2020, week 49

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Rapid Risk Assessment: Risk of COVID-19 transmission related to the end-of-year festive season

Risk assessment -

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Overview of COVID-19 vaccination strategies and vaccine deployment plans in the EU/EEA and the UK

Technical report -

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Guidelines for COVID-19 testing and quarantine of air travellers - Addendum to the Aviation Health Safety Protocol

Technical report -

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Communicable disease threats report, 22-28 November 2020, week 48

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Updated projections of COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK

Technical report -

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Communicable disease threats report, 15-21 November 2020, week 47

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Avian influenza overview – update on 19 November 2020, EU/EEA and the UK

Surveillance report -

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Rapid Risk Assessment: Increase in fatal cases of COVID-19 among long-term care facility residents in the EU/EEA and the UK

Risk assessment -

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Options for the use of rapid antigen tests for COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK

Technical report -

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Contact tracing: public health management of persons, including healthcare workers, who have had contact with COVID-19 cases in the European Union – third update

Technical report -

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Communicable disease threats report, 8-14 November 2020, week 46

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Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Detection of new SARS-CoV-2 variants related to mink

Risk assessment -

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Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems in the context of COVID-19: first update

Technical report -

News

Novel coronavirus: three cases reported in France

News, News story -

News

Update: Cluster of pneumonia cases associated with novel coronavirus – Wuhan, China – 2019

News story -

News

Fourth travel-related rabies case reported in the EU in 2019

News story -

News

Update on the global polio situation and implications for the EU/EEA

News story -

News

Epidemiological update: third case of locally acquired Zika virus disease in Hyères, France

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: second case of locally acquired Zika virus disease in Hyères, France

Epidemiological update -

News

Increase of XDR Typhoid fever in travellers returning from Pakistan

Epidemiological update -

News

Travel-related case of malaria caused by Plasmodium cynomolgi reported in Denmark

Epidemiological update -

News

Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: ECDC updates assessment for Europe

News story -

News

Epidemiological update: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Epidemiological update -

News

Extensively drug-resistant gonorrhoea: risk of further dissemination within and across Europe

ECDC comment -

News

Multi-country cluster of Listeria monocytogenes ST1247 in five EU countries

News, Epidemiological update -

News

ECDC launches e-learning course and operational tool for development of rapid risk assessments

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News

Conclusions of the twentieth IHR Emergency Committee do not change the ECDC risk assessment for Europe concerning polio

ECDC comment -

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Communicable disease threats report, 4-10 October 2020, week 41

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Communicable disease threats report, 27 September - 3 October 2020, week 40

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Communicable disease threats report, 20-26 September 2020, week 39

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Communicable disease threats report, 13-19 September 2020, week 38

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Communicable disease threats report, 6-12 September 2020, week 37

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Communicable disease threats report, 30 August - 5 Sep 2020, week 36

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Communicable disease threats report, 23-29 August 2020, week 35

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Communicable disease threats report, 16-22 August 2020, week 34

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Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 August 2020, week 33

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Communicable disease threats report, 2 -8 August 2020, week 32

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Communicable disease threats report, 26 July - 1 August 2020, week 31

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Communicable disease threats report, 19-25 July 2020, week 30

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Communicable disease threats report, 12-18 July 2020, week 29

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Communicable disease threats report, 5-11 July 2020, week 28

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Communicable disease threats report, 28 June - 4 July 2020, week 27

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News

Epidemiological update: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: West Nile fever in Europe - Number of infections so far exceeds the total number in the previous five years

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: Hepatitis A outbreak in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Epidemiological update -

News

Unusual large number of West Nile virus infections in the EU/EEA and EU neighbouring countries

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update - Increase in Echovirus 30 detections in Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden, June to July 2018

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update - Increase in Echovirus 30 detections in Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden, July 2018

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update - dengue in Réunion

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes serogroup IVb, multi-locus sequence type 6 infections

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: hepatitis A outbreak in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes PCR serogroup IVb, MLST 6

Epidemiological update -

News

Salmonella Agona outbreak associated with infant formula milk

News, Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: hepatitis A outbreak in the EU/EEA mostly affecting men who have sex with men

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: West Nile virus transmission season in Europe, 2017

Epidemiological update -

News

Yellow fever in Brazil: confirmed cases in urban areas in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro

News, Epidemiological update -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the EU/EEA and the UK– ninth update

Risk assessment -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: increased transmission in the EU/EEA and the UK – eighth update

Risk assessment -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: increased transmission in the EU/EEA and the UK – seventh update

Risk assessment -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: increased transmission in the EU/EEA and the UK – sixth update

Risk assessment -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): increased transmission globally – fifth update

Risk assessment -

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Threat assessment brief: Outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Situation in Italy

Publication, Risk assessment -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Increase in OXA -244 -producing Escherichia coli in the European Union/European Economic Area and the UK since 2013

Risk assessment -

Publication

Risk assessment: Outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2): increased transmission beyond China – fourth update

Risk assessment -

Publication

Rapid outbreak assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections linked to eggs - Third update

Risk assessment -

Publication

Combined clonal and plasmid-mediated outbreak of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales, Lithuania, 2019–2020

Risk assessment -

Publication

Risk assessment: Outbreak of acute respiratory syndrome associated with a novel coronavirus, China: first local transmission in the EU/EEA − third update

Risk assessment -

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Risk assessment: outbreak of acute respiratory syndrome associated with a novel coronavirus, China; First cases imported in the EU/EEA; second update

Risk assessment -

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Risk assessment: Outbreak of acute respiratory syndrome associated with a novel coronavirus, Wuhan, China; first update

Risk assessment -

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Rapid Risk Assessment: Cluster of pneumonia cases caused by a novel coronavirus, Wuhan, China, 2020

Risk assessment -

Publication

Threat Assessment Brief: Pneumonia cases possibly associated with a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China

Risk assessment -

Data

Indicators for the maps in support of the Council Recommendation on a coordinated approach to the restriction of free movement in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the EU/EEA and the UK

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Data

Indicators for the maps in support of the Council Recommendation on a coordinated approach to the restriction of free movement in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the EU/EEA and the UK

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Data

Data for the maps in support of the Council Recommendation on a coordinated approach to the restriction of free movement in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the EU/EEA and the UK

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Data

Infographic: Infection prevention and control in primary care

Infographic -

Data

epitweetr tool

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Data

Infographic: Increased transmission of COVID-19 in the EU/EEA and the UK

Infographic -

Data

Infographic: Non-pharmaceutical measures

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Infographic: Objectives for COVID-19 testing strategies

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Data

Video on COVID-19: How to wear your single use face mask? (short version)

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Data

Video on COVID-19: Do you know how to wear a face mask properly? (long version)

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Data

Video on COVID-19: How to wear your re-usable/textile face mask? (short version)

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Data

Number of measles deaths by country, EU/EEA and the UK, July 2019 - June 2020

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Data

Infographic: COVID-19 in children and the role of schools

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Data

Infographic: COVID-19 and cruise ship operations

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Data

Sources – EU/EEA regional data on COVID-19

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