Risk Assessment Brazil 2014 FIFA World Cup, 12 June–13 July 2014
The aim of this document is to assess the health risks related to communicable diseases and other health threats for European citizens during their stay in Brazil for the 2014 FIFA World Cup (‘Brazil 2014’) and the public health implications for European countries after the travellers’ return to Europe.
Assessing the yellow fever outbreak in Angola
This report summarises the results of a joint ECDC–European Commission mission team sent to review the epidemiological situation of yellow fever in Angola, following an outbreak in 2015-16.
Online tutorial on how to detect and assess public health threats
This tutorial demonstrates the various epidemic intelligence steps that need to be undertaken in order to timely detect and assess current and emerging threats to human health from communicable diseases.
ECDC tool for the prioritisation of infectious disease threats
This qualitative tool, implemented as an Excel workbook, ranks infectious disease threats in a transparent, comparable and methodologically reproducible manner.
Communication toolkit on gastrointestinal diseases: How to support infection prevention in schools
This toolkit aims to support infection prevention in schools, with a focus on gastrointestinal diseases, by assisting EU/EEA countries in their communication initiatives for disease prevention in school settings.
Toolkit for investigation and response to Food and Waterborne Disease Outbreaks with an EU dimension
The purpose of this toolkit is to provide investigators with a series of tools that can be useful during an investigation of a European FWD outbreak, i.e. an outbreak that involves at least two EU Member States.
Toolkit for investigation of cases of Avian influenza in humans
In order to increase preparedness to respond to possible cases and clusters of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A/H5N1 in humans in Europe, the ECDC has prepared a toolkit for the European Union member states.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) – Tuberculosis
This guideline document presents several procedures intended to assist in the evaluation of risk for transmission of tuberculosis on board aircraft.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft
In the closed cabin environment of modern airplanes, passengers are frequently exposed to various infectious diseases. This report looks at 12 infectious diseases and, by systematically evaluating literature on on-board transmission, attempts to assess the risk of infection via air circulation in airplanes.
These guidelines are complemented by operational guidelines in relation to tuberculosis, new emerging airborne diseases (e.g. SARS) and meningococcal infections.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) - Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first discovered in 2012 in a patient who died from severe respiratory disease. Since then, and as of 16 January 2020, 2 521 cases have been reported worldwide, including 919 deaths (crude case fatality 36%). Most cases have been reported from the Arabian Peninsula (and around 84% specifically from Saudi Arabia), and all cases elsewhere had a travel history to the Arabian Peninsula or were a contact of someone who had a travel history to the region.