Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) - Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first discovered in 2012 in a patient who died from severe respiratory disease. Since then, and as of 16 January 2020, 2 521 cases have been reported worldwide, including 919 deaths (crude case fatality 36%). Most cases have been reported from the Arabian Peninsula (and around 84% specifically from Saudi Arabia), and all cases elsewhere had a travel history to the Arabian Peninsula or were a contact of someone who had a travel history to the region.
European surveillance of Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infections - surveillance protocol version 2.4
ECDC publishes a protocol developed for the surveillance of Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infections (CDI) to address the lack of standardised surveillance of CDI in EU Member States.
Influenza communication guide: How to increase influenza vaccination uptake and promote preventive measures to limit its spread
The influenza vaccination communication guide provide advice, guidance and campaign materials to support national influenza vaccination campaigns with the purpose of increasing the influenza vaccination uptake in the EU Member States.
Managing heterogeneity when pooling data from different surveillance systems
This report addresses the heterogeneity that arises from pooling data from different surveillance systems and provides statistical and procedural approaches to minimise or remove its impact. The aim is to support public health specialists and researchers in answering key research and policy questions using available European data to the fullest possible extent.
Options for national testing and surveillance for hepatitis E virus in the EU/EEA - Operational guidance
This operational guidance, developed by ECDC in collaboration with its hepatitis E virus (HEV) expert group, offers options on the implementation or adjustment of HEV surveillance at a national level.
Expert consensus protocol on carbapenem resistance detection and characterisation for the survey of carbapenem- and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
This expert consensus protocol for carbapenem resistance detection and characterisation was jointly developed by the EURGenCCRE consortium, the scientific advisory board for EURGen-Net and ECDC to agree upon the protocol for phenotypic and genotypic carbapenem resistance detection and confirmation to be used for the CCRE survey.
Expert consensus protocol on colistin resistance detection and characterisation for the survey of carbapenem- and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
This expert consensus protocol for colistin resistance detection and characterisation was jointly developed by the EURGen CCRE consortium, the scientific advisory board for EURGen-Net and ECDC to agree upon the best available strategy for phenotypic and genotypic colistin-resistance detection and confirmation to be used for the CCRE survey.
Handbook on designing and implementing an immunisation information system
The handbook collates guiding principles and good practices from all aspects of immunisation information systems; from development to implementation.
Handbook on tuberculosis laboratory diagnostic methods in the European Union - Updated 2018
This handbook provides network members and other laboratories involved in the diagnosis of tuberculosis, with an agreed list of key diagnostic methods and their protocols in various areas of TB diagnosis.
ECDC study protocol for genomic-based surveillance of carbapenem-resistant and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae at the EU level
This ECDC study protocol describes the technical requirements for implementing future EU-level genomic-based surveillance of carbapenem-resistant and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.