COVID-19: EU guidance for cruise ship operations
Guidance on the gradual resumption of operations of cruise ships in the European Union in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic.
COVID-19 Rail Protocol: Recommendations for safe resumption of railway services in Europe
The European Union Agency’s for Railways (ERA), the European Commission and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) have developed the following COVID-19 railway protocol, outlining the operational guidelines for the resumption of railway operations in Europe.
COVID-19 Aviation Health Safety Protocol: Guidance for the management of airline passengers in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic
The purpose of these guidelines is to serve as an aviation health safety protocol and to provide a source of best practice on how airport operators, aeroplane operators conducting commercial and non-commercial passenger transport operations (hereinafter aeroplane operators) and national aviation authorities can ensure the health and safety of passengers, as well as the staff and crew who serve them, by maintaining safe and secure operations whilst minimising the risk of virus transmission.
Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, people living with HIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction
This document summarises evidence from studies included in the licensing file of HPV vaccines together with postlicensure, peer-reviewed data and analysis where available. This guidance does not address the safety of HPV vaccines observed during the pre- and post-licensing period.
Toolkit to support the generation of robust estimates of hepatitis C prevalence
European surveillance data show on-going transmission of viral hepatitis across the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA). The available notification data however, do not provide a clear epidemiological picture of hepatitis C in Europe. Prevalence data from population surveys are a key source of information to complement the surveillance data for hepatitis C due to the limitations of surveillance for hepatitis: the infection is often asymptomatic and notifications are strongly influenced by local testing practices. The overarching aim of this toolkit is to gain a better understanding of the HCV epidemiology in the EU/EEA.
Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA) - Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first discovered in 2012 in a patient who died from severe respiratory disease. Since then, and as of 16 January 2020, 2 521 cases have been reported worldwide, including 919 deaths (crude case fatality 36%). Most cases have been reported from the Arabian Peninsula (and around 84% specifically from Saudi Arabia), and all cases elsewhere had a travel history to the Arabian Peninsula or were a contact of someone who had a travel history to the region.
European surveillance of Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infections - surveillance protocol version 2.4
ECDC publishes a protocol developed for the surveillance of Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infections (CDI) to address the lack of standardised surveillance of CDI in EU Member States.
Influenza communication guide: How to increase influenza vaccination uptake and promote preventive measures to limit its spread
The influenza vaccination communication guide provide advice, guidance and campaign materials to support national influenza vaccination campaigns with the purpose of increasing the influenza vaccination uptake in the EU Member States.
Managing heterogeneity when pooling data from different surveillance systems
This report addresses the heterogeneity that arises from pooling data from different surveillance systems and provides statistical and procedural approaches to minimise or remove its impact. The aim is to support public health specialists and researchers in answering key research and policy questions using available European data to the fullest possible extent.
Options for national testing and surveillance for hepatitis E virus in the EU/EEA - Operational guidance
This operational guidance, developed by ECDC in collaboration with its hepatitis E virus (HEV) expert group, offers options on the implementation or adjustment of HEV surveillance at a national level.