Risk assessment: Situation in northern Africa/Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and the influx of migrants* to Europe
ECDC, after conducting rapid risk assessments, has concluded that the risk of importation of infectious diseases from North Africa to the EU is considered to be low. From a public health perspective, the most urgent concern is related to the poor living conditions of the migrants, such as overcrowding and poor sanitation.
Rapid risk assessment: Transmission of Foot and Mouth disease to humans visiting affected areas
The risk of Foot and Mouth disease being transmitted to humans visiting affected areas is extremely low, if consumption of pasteurised milk, dairy products or unprocessed meat from infected animals and direct contact with such animals is avoided.
WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region: Influenza updates (EMFLU)
Eastern Mediterranean Flu (EMFLU) is a regional platform for sharing of epidemiological and virological data on influenza in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region.
A cluster of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis among patients arriving in Europe from the Horn of Africa: a molecular epidemiological study
Walker, T.M., Merker, M., Knoblauch, A.M., Helbling, P., Schoch, O.D., van der Werf, M.J., Kranzer, K., Fiebig, L., Kröger, S., Haas, W., Hoffmann, H., Indra, A., Egli, A., Cirillo, D.M., Robert, J., Rogers, T.R., Groenheit, R., Mengshoel, A.T., Mathys, V., Haanperä, M., Soolingen, D.V., Niemann, S., Böttger, E.C., Keller, P.M., Avsar, K., Bauer, C., Bernasconi, E., Borroni, E., Brusin, S., Coscollá Dévis, M., Crook, D.W., Dedicoat, M., Fitzgibbon, M., Gagneux, S., Geiger, F., Guthmann, J.-P., Hendrickx, D., Hoffmann-Thiel, S., van Ingen, J., Jackson, S., Jaton, K., Lange, C., Mazza Stalder, J., O'Donnell, J., Opota, O., Peto, T.E.A., Preiswerk, B., Roycroft, E., Sato, M., Schacher, R., Schulthess, B., Smith, E.G., Soini, H., Sougakoff, W., Tagliani, E., Utpatel, C., Veziris, N., Wagner-Wiening, C., Witschi, M.