Rapid Risk Assessment: Zika virus infection outbreak, Brazil and the Pacific region, 26 May 2015
This is the first documented outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in Brazil and the Americas.
Rapid risk assessment: Microcephaly in Brazil potentially linked to the Zika virus epidemic, 25 November 2015
This risk assessment reviews the increase in congenital microcephaly observed in Brazil.
Public health risks related to communicable diseases at the Rio de Janeiro Olympic and Paralympic Games, Brazil 2016 - 1st update, 13 June 2016
This document updates ECDC’s initial assessment of the potential health risks related to communicable diseases and other health threats for European citizens during the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil, 25 January 2017
This rapid risk assessment assesses the ongoing outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil and the subsequent risk to EU/EEA countries and citizens.
Yellow fever among travellers returning from South America, March 2017
This risk assessment is triggered by the increase in the number of yellow fever cases among EU travellers with exposure in South America since August 2016 and assesses the risk of contracting yellow fever for travellers to South America.
Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil - 1st update, 13 April 2017
This risk assessment contains updated advice to travellers and health professionals and the latest information on the epidemiological situation of yellow fever in Brazil.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil, Second update
This publication assesses the risk to EU/EEA countries and citizens associated with the ongoing outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil. This is the second update of a rapid risk assessment originally produced on 25 January 2017 and updated on 13 April 2017.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil, Third update.
In September 2017, the Ministry of Health in Brazil declared the end of the 2016–2017 yellow fever outbreak in the country. The upsurge of human cases since December 2017 and the continuous non-human primate epizootics since September 2017 indicate a continued or resumed increase in yellow fever virus circulation in Brazil. Since January 2018, most of the yellow fever cases have been reported from São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais states.