Systematic review and evidence-based guidance on perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis
Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP) is considered one of the most effective measures for the prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs). An ECDC commissioned ‘Systematic review and evidence-based guidance on perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis’ was performed to identify effective measures to improve compliance with PAP among healthcare professionals. The
Review of the scientific literature on drivers and barriers of seasonal influenza vaccination coverage in the EU/EEA
The report aims to provide a critical review of evidence on the barriers and drivers of seasonal influenza vaccination coverage in the EU/EEA. The report focuses on high-risk groups where high coverage of seasonal flu vaccination is most important. The 2009 Council of the European Union Recommendation on seasonal influenza vaccination encourages countries to implement measures that would increase seasonal influenza vaccination uptake to at least 75% for defined older age groups, and, if possible, for other risk groups. In support of this, the ECDC report summarises the evidence on what are the barriers and what are the drivers for seasonal influenza vaccination by each risk group
Systematic review of the effectiveness of infection control measures to prevent the transmission of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae through cross-border transfer of patients
The goal of this systematic review is to update the 2011 ECDC risk assessment. Evidence from this review will be used to develop guidance on this topic.
Systematic review of the effectiveness of infection control measures to prevent the transmission of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae through cross-border transfer of patients
This systematic review seeks to identify evidence for the effectiveness of targeted infection control measures to control the spread and transmission of ESBL-E when transferring patients between healthcare settings, especially when the transfer is cross-border.
A systematic literature review on the diagnostic accuracy of serological tests for Lyme borreliosis
This report provides an overview of the diagnostic accuracy of serological tests for different target conditions of Lyme borreliosis.
Systematic review on the incubation and infectiousness/shedding period of communicable diseases in children
Illnesses caused by infectious diseases are common in children in schools or other childcare settings. Currently there is no common EU approach to the control of communicable diseases in schools or other childcare settings, and existing information is uncertain.
Systematic review on hepatitis B and C prevalence in the EU/EEA
ECDC conducted a systematic review of the literature published between 2005–2015, with the aim to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B and C in the general population and specific population subgroups in the EU/EEA Member States. This review is an update of an earlier review covering the period 2000–2009.
Systematic review on the diagnosis, treatment, care and prevention of tuberculosis in prison settings
The objective of this report is to systematically review data on the diagnosis, treatment, care and prevention of tuberculosis in prison settings, with a focus on the countries of the European Union and the European Economic Area.