ECDC rapid risk assessment: Influenza of possible swine origin in human in Spain
Influenza of swine origin detected retrospectively in a human with illness in November 2008. Swine influenza (SI) is an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract in pigs. Subclinical infections are also common. The mortality is low and recovery usually occurs within 7-10 days.
Outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in a hotel in Calpe, Spain. December 2011 – January 2012
Following notification of a cluster of cases of Legionnaires’ disease, all associated with the same hotel in Spain, ECDC has prepared an assessment of the risk to the EU.
It concludes that as the hotel has been closed, the residual risk is limited to recent hotel visitors and staff, as well as staff still working in the hotel; particularly those involved in the implementation of control measures.
Update - Outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in a hotel in Calpe, Spain, November 2011 – May 2012
Following notification of new cases of Legionnaires’ disease, all associated with the same hotel in Spain, ECDC has updated its assessment of the risk to the EU published in February 2012.
It concludes that in the absence of an identified and controlled source of Legionella, there may be an ongoing risk of exposure to Legionella for hotel guests and persons working at the hotel.
Update: Outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in a hotel in Calpe, Spain November 2011 – May 2012
The outbreak, which has been ongoing since November 2011 and is associated with a hotel in Calpe, in the province of Alicante, has to date resulted in 20 confirmed and two probable cases of travel-associated Legionnaires’ disease (TALD), while an additional three cases have been detected in hotel staff.
Risk assessment: Outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in a hotel in Calpe, Spain November 2011 – July 2012
This is a further update of the risk assessment posted on ECDC’s website on 4 June 2012; it is in response to eight new notifications of cases associated with a hotel in Calpe, in the province of Alicante, Spain. It contains information updated up to 4 July 2012.
Risk assessment: Outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in a hotel in Calpe, Spain November 2011 – June 2012
In February 2012, ECDC issued a rapid risk assessment on the outbreak of travel-associated Legionnaires’ disease affecting in a hotel in Calpe, Spain. The risk assessment was updated in May, June and 4 July. In response to new investigations by the regional public health authorities, ECDC further updates its risk assessment.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
This eighth update of the rapid risk assessment of the MERS-CoV outbreak is intended to provide expert opinion on the risk for Europe with regards to the probable case of MERS reported by Spain on 5 November.
Rapid risk assessment: A case of diphtheria in Spain, 15 June 2015
The detection, management and public health response to the first case of diphtheria in Spain in nearly 30 years has highlighted challenges for preparedness against diphtheria in the European Union.
Rapid risk assessment: Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever in Spain, 9 September 2016
On 31 August 2016 the autonomous Community of Madrid, Spain, reported two cases of infection with Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus. This document assesses the risk associated with the occurrence of two cases of Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever in Spain.
Type E botulism associated with fish product consumption – Germany and Spain, 21 December 2016
This document assesses the risk to human health posed by a multi-country incident of botulism neurotoxin type E, possibly associated with consumption of a commercially-available dried and salted fish product.