Differences in Questing Tick Species Distribution between Atlantic and Continental Climate Regions in SpainArchived
Climate and vegetation in Spain vary from north to south, affecting tick distribution and consequently the presence of tick-borne diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate throughout a 2-yr study the distribution of the different exophilic questing tick species present in 18 areas: eight located in central and 10 in northern Spain.
Two evaluations of the response to the 2009 Pandemic in Spain: Surveillance and Vaccines and antiviralsArchived
Two official evaluations have been made by the national Ministry of Health of Spain of their country’s response to the 2009 influenza pandemic. The reviews focused on two particular topics - Surveillance and Vaccines and Antivirals.
Epidemiological update: Chikungunya case in Spain without travel history to endemic areas (false alert)
On 11 September, authorities in Valencia,Spain acknowledged that the case of Chikungunya reported 3 August 2015 is a false positive. Laboratory investigation conducted by the National Reference laboratory in Madrid did not confirm the initial results.
Epidemiological update: Measles - monitoring European outbreaks, 6 April 2017
In Europe, measles cases have been reported in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Sweden as well as in Romania, where 4 025 cases have been reported as of 31 March 2017.
Epidemiological update: Schmallenberg virus in the European Union, 13 March 2012Archived
Since November 2011, Schmallenberg virus has been reported in cattle, sheep and goats in Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, the United Kingdom, France, Luxembourg, Italy and more recently in Spain.
Epidemiological Update: Outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in Blanes, Catalonia, SpainArchived
The Public Health Authorities of Catalonia, Spain, have notified a community acquired outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in Blanes. Blanes is a coastal town in the province of Girona.
Vaccination: main prevention measure to address hepatitis A outbreaks among men who have sex with men
1 173 confirmed hepatitis A cases involving three separate clusters have been reported across 15 countries of the European Union since June 2016. Several EU countries have seen large increases in hepatitis A cases in 2017 compared to previous years, and these are mainly affecting men who have sex with men.
Epidemiological update: Measles - monitoring European outbreaks, 9 June 2017
Between 1 January 2016 and 6 June 2017, Romania has reported 6 619 measles cases, including 29 deaths. In 2016, several additional EU/EEA countries reported measles outbreaks, and an increase in the number of cases continues to be observed in 2017.
Salmonella Agona outbreak associated with infant formula milk
On 6 December 2017, France reported an outbreak of Salmonella Agona in infants <1 years of age linked to consumption of infant milk formula based on an epidemiological investigation. Different brands of infant formulas from the same producer in France and distributed to different countries inside and outside the EU were implicated as the vehicle of infection in this outbreak.
Carbapenemase-producing (OXA-48) Klebsiella pneumoniae ST392 found in travellers previously hospitalised in Gran Canaria, Spain
Thirteen patients with OXA-48-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST392 have been reported by Sweden and Norway between January and April 2018 - all returning travellers with prior hospital admission in Gran Canaria. Whole genome sequencing showed tight clustering between the bacterial isolates from the cases.