Threat Assessment Brief: Eurasian avian-like A(H1N1) swine influenza viruses
A recently published study conducted between 2011 and 2018 in China, and based on surveillance data in pigs, identified an emerging genotype 4 (G4) reassortant Eurasian avian-like (EA) A(H1N1) swine influenza virus that contains internal genes from the human A(H1N1)pdm09 and North American triple-reassortant (TR) lineage-derived internal genes.
First estimates of the global numbers of deaths associated with the 2009 pandemicArchived
It is a truism that the number of individual deaths confirmed and reported as due to seasonal or pandemic influenza will represents only a proportion of the actual number of premature deaths that follow as a consequence of the virus infection.
Oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 patterns across the globe: findings in Australia (season 2011) and United States (season 2010-11)Archived
In this letter the authors describe being able to identified a sustained community transmission of oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses in Australia
Rapid risk assessment: Oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)2009 cluster in Australia
Australia has reported a cluster of oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)2009 cases in the state of New South Wales. The cases had no known link to oseltamivir exposure and individuals were not immunosuppressed, but they were closely linked geographically. Samples from the cluster do not currently exhibit any resistance to zanamivir.
Two Influenza Education Innovations from the United StatesArchived
Details of two innovative initiatives designed by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to increase awareness of influenza and seasonal influenza were recently published on the CDC website.
ECDC Forward Look Risk Assessment: Seasonal influenza 2010–2011 in Europe
The 2010/11 seasonal influenza epidemics in Europe are dominated so far by the A(H1N1)2009 viruses which emerged in the 2009 pandemic, although these are now considered seasonal viruses. This is an interim risk assessment and will be up-dated at intervals as more data and analyses emerge.
ECDC Forward look risk assessment (Update 28 October 2010): Likely scenarios and uncertainties in the 2010/2011 influenza season in Europe and beyond
Likely scenarios and uncertainties in the 2010/2011 influenza season in Europe and beyond.
ECDC risk assessment: 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic (Update 6 November 2009)
This update of ECDC pandemic risk assessment for Europe is based on data and analyses available in early November 2009. It draws on the experience in European countries, North America and the Southern Hemisphere’s temperate countries, which have already passed through a winter with the new virus.