Disease factsheet about rubella
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.
European Immunization Week 2008 - time for reflection.
Kreidl, P., Gomes, H., Lopalco, P.L., Hagmaier, K., Pastore, Celentano, L., Vasconcelos, P., Yilmaz, C.
Surveillance of congenital rubella and rubella infections in pregnancy in EU/EEA countries, 2012: Current status and future perspective to monitor elimination
Giambi, C., Montaño-Remacha, C., Celentano, L.P., Derrough, T.
Retrospective surveillance and enhanced case-finding of congenital rubella syndrome cases
The generic protocol presented in this document was developed for ECDC by fellows of the EPIET programme to provide EU/EEA Member States with an adaptable tool to estimate the incidence of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) cases in their countries.
Measles and rubella elimination: communicating the importance of vaccination
The goal of this project is to support EU Member States in their fight against measles and rubella. This report should enable Member States to engage in effective, evidence-based risk communication.