Public health guidance: Seasonal influenza vaccination of children and pregnant women
The aim of this guidance document is to provide EU/EEA Member States and EU bodies with relevant information to make an informed decision on routine vaccination of healthy children and pregnant women with seasonal influenza vaccine. The options presented in this document are based on a systematic review of the literature and the opinions of a group of independent experts.
Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for 2012–13
This report provides an update on seasonal influenza immunisation policies and vaccination coverage rates in EU/EEA Member States for the 2012–13 influenza season.
Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for 2013-14 and 2014-15
Overview of vaccination recommendations and coverage rates in the EU Member States for the 2013–14 and 2014–15 influenza seasons.
Systematic review and meta-analysis concerning the efficacy and effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines – (part 1)Archived
This is an authoritative independent evidence-based review and meta-analysis of the efficacy and effectiveness of influenza vaccines. It confines itself to trials and observational studies where diagnostic tests confirmed influenza infection as the end point.
Lower than usual: early influenza vaccine effectiveness in parts of Europe in season 2011/12Archived
A rapid communication published on April 12th 2012 describes the early results of the annual multicentre case-control study undertaken by the ECDC sponsored I-MOVE consortium whose work is coordinated by an Epiconcept team
Influenza vaccine effectiveness
Vaccine effectiveness is an estimate of the likelihood that a vaccine prevents influenza infection when used in everyday practice. To establish how well influenza vaccines work each season, influenza vaccine effectiveness is measured in observational studies. Vaccine effectiveness is an estimate of the likelihood that a vaccine prevents influenza infection when used in everyday practice.
European Commission: Influenza
Vaccination policy is a competence of national authorities however, the European Commission supports EU countries to coordinate their policies and programmes. To support EU countries in maintaining or increasing rates of vaccination, the EU Commission promotes seasonal flu vaccination to at risk groups.
Low uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe may jeopardise capacity to protect people in next pandemic
Influenza vaccination coverage among high-risk groups has dropped in the European Region over the last seven years, and half the countries report a decrease in the number of vaccine doses available.
Flu Awareness Week, 22 – 26 October 2018
The Flu Awareness Week is marked across the WHO European Region every year in October. It aims to raise awareness of the importance of vaccination for people’s health and well-being and to increase the uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination of people with underlying risk factors.
Effectiveness of influenza vaccine against influenza A in Europe in seasons of different A(H1N1)pdm09 and the same A(H3N2) vaccine components (2016–17 and 2017–18)
Kissling, E., Pozo, F., Buda, S., Vilcu, A.-M., Rizzo, C., Gherasim, A., Horváth, J.K., Brytting, M., Domegan, L., Meijer, A., Paradowska-Stankiewicz, I., Machado, A., Vučina, V.V., Lazar, M., Johansen, K., Dürrwald, R., van der Werf, S., Bella, A., Larrauri, A., Ferenczi, A., Zakikhany, K., O'Donnell, J., Dijkstra, F., Bogusz, J., Guiomar, R., Filipović, S.K., Pitigoi, D., Penttinen, P., Valenciano, M.