Risk assessment: Laboratory-created A(H5N1) viruses transmissible between ferrets
The results of two, as yet unpublished, investigations of laboratory-induced genetic changes in avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses have been reported to have found that a surprisingly few number of changes make the viruses transmissible between ferrets, the most commonly used model for the way influenza behaves in humans. The possibility that this could have resulted in the development in laboratories of A(H5N1) influenza viruses transmissible between humans has caused concern for public safety and generated unusually high levels of debate in the scientific community. This report summarises and explains the complex public health and scientific issues around these developments including the positive and negative aspects of some of the responses that have been proposed internationally.
Cluster of monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium with previously unseen MLVA pattern in the EU/EEA
This joint rapid outbreak assessment from ECDC and EFSA assesses a cluster of monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium with an MLVA pattern previously unseen in the EU/EEA.
Re-emerging multi-country WGS-defined outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis, MLVA type 2-12-7-3-2 and 2-14-7-3-2, 6 February 2017
This rapid risk assessment assesses the recurrent multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis due to a persistent source of infection, with current or recent exposure in at least four EU/EEA Member States.
Rapid outbreak assessment: multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 8, MLVA profile 2-9-7-3-2 and 2-9-6-3-2 infections, 7 March 2017
An outbreak of S. Enteritidis phage type 8 is ongoing in the EU/EEA. Isolates are part of two distinct but related genetic clusters. ECDC and EFSA are liaising with relevant authorities to facilitate the coordination of investigation response measures.
7th Food- and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network (FWD-Net) meeting
Emerging diseases and outbreak investigations, whole genome sequencing-based surveillance and public health risks related to animal and food imports to the EU/EEA were some of the topics under discussion during the Food- and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network meeting.
Epidemiological update: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 8, MLVA profile 2-9-7-3-2 and 2-9-6-3-2 infections
Since the ECDC and EFSA joint rapid outbreak assessment was published on 7 March 2017, six EU Member States (Belgium, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom) have reported 50 confirmed and 12 probable new cases associated with the multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 8 infections (MLVA profiles 2-9-7-3-2 and 2-9-6-3-2) ongoing in the EU/EEA. In addition, twelve probable cases have been reclassified as confirmed.
Epidemiological update: multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis with MLVA profile 2-9-7-3-2 or 2-9-6-3-2 infections
Since the previous ECDC epidemiological update was published on 30 June 2017, seven EU/EEA countries (Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom) have reported 96 confirmed and 34 probable new cases associated with the multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis with MLVA profiles 2-9-7-3-2 or 2-9-6-3-2 ongoing in the EU/EEA.
Rapid risk assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes PCR serogroup IVb, MLST ST6
A multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes PCR serogroup IVb, MLST ST6 has been ongoing in the EU/EEA since at least 2015.
Joint Rapid Outbreak Assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Agona infections linked to infant formula
This document provides an assessment of the public health risk associated with a multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Agona associated with consumption of potentially contaminated infant formula from France.