Shiga toxin/verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli in humans, food and animals in the EU/EEA, with special reference to the German outbreak strain STEC O104
This joint report, produced by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), aims to give a short summary of reported Shiga toxin/verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC) prevalence and incidence in humans, food and animals.
Review of guidelines for prevention of Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease transmission in medical settings in EU Member States and Norway
Second external quality assurance scheme for Salmonella typing
Thirty-five laboratories of the Food- and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network (FWD-Net), among them 28 from EU/EEA countries, participated in the second international external quality assurance (EQA) scheme for the typing of Salmonella.
Third external quality assurance scheme for Salmonella typing
The third external quality assurance scheme for Salmonella typing, launched in November 2010, assessed whether typing of Salmonella strains by different laboratories within and outside the European Union was carried out uniformly and whether comparable results could be obtained.
External quality assurance scheme for typing of verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC)
This report presents the results of the second round of the external quality assurance scheme for typing of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli.
CNRL in silico exercise to determine the capabilities of network laboratories to detect triple reassortant swine origin influenza A(H3N2) viruses
Following the emergence of swine influenza A(H3N2) variant (v) viruses with sporadic human infections in North America, the Community Network of Reference Laboratories (CNRL) and the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency completed an exercise to assess the CNRL’s capability to detect novel reassortant and circulating triple reassortant swine viruses (TRA) in humans.
Influenza A(H3N2)v laboratory detection questionnaire results
Following the emergence of swine influenza A(H3N2) variant (v) viruses with sporadic human infections in North America, ECDC and the Community Network of Reference Laboratories (CNRL) disseminated a questionnaire to explore the RT-PCR capability of influenza reference laboratories in EU/EEA countries to detect A(H3N2)v viruses in their day-to-day diagnostics and to subtype them as swine-origin variant viruses.
Survey of National Reference Laboratory capacity for six FWD in EU/EEA countries
In 2009, a survey was conducted to form a picture of the availability and scope of services offered by National Reference Laboratories in EU and EEA countries with respect to six priority food and waterborne pathogens: Campylobacter, Listeria, Salmonella, Shigella, Shiga toxin/verotoxin–producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC) and Yersinia.
Scientific advice on type F botulism
This report analyses the availability and effectiveness of different types of antitoxins to neutralise type F botulism. A literature review was performed in consultation with the European Medicines Agency.