Disease factsheet about rubella
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.
Prevention and control measures for congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)
Congenital rubella syndrome is prevented by ensuring that everyone in the EU is vaccinated against rubella. In particular, women who are planning to get pregnant should be vaccinated as this protects the mother as well as the foetus.
European Immunization Week 2008 - time for reflection.
Kreidl, P., Gomes, H., Lopalco, P.L., Hagmaier, K., Pastore, Celentano, L., Vasconcelos, P., Yilmaz, C.