Guide to public health measures to reduce the impact of influenza pandemics in Europe – ‘The ECDC Menu’
This document presents a menu of possible public measures to be taken during influenza pandemics, giving public health and scientific information on what is known or can be said about their likely effectiveness, costs (direct and indirect), acceptability, public expectations and other more practical considerations. The ‘ECDC Menu’ aims to help EU Member States and institutions, individually or collectively, decide which measures they will apply.
Factsheet about seasonal influenza
Influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year.
Experience and lessons from surveillance and studies of the 2009 pandemic in Europe
Nicoll, A., Ammon, A., Amato, A., Ciancio, B., Zucs, P., Devaux, I., Plata, F., Mazick, A., Molbak, K., Asikainen, T., Kramarz, P.
Planning for uncertainty: A European approach to informing responses to the severity of influenza epidemics and pandemics
Assessment of human influenza pandemic scenarios in Europe
Napoli, C., Fabiani, M., Rizzo, C., Barral, M., Oxford, J., Cohen, J.M., Niddam, L., Goryński, P., Pistol, A., Lionis, C., Bri, S., Nicoll, A., Penttinen, P., Gauci, C., Bounekkar, A., Bonnevay, S., Beresniak, A.