Influenza A (H3N2)v Virus in Humans and Swine in the United States – an updateArchived
A report in the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) MMWR this week describes the investigation of mild respiratory illness among swine and people at a county fair in Indiana, USA between 8 and 14 July 2012. This is an important report as it is very clearly documents simultaneous detection of H3N2v influenza viruses in humans and swine in close contact.
Epidemiological update A(H7N9) influenza, 6 February 2014
In March 2013, Chinese authorities announced the identification of a novel reassortant A(H7N9) influenza virus in patients in eastern China. Since then, human cases have continued to be reported, and as of 7 February 2014 (Figure 1), there have been 308 laboratory-confirmed cases: Zhejiang (122), Guangdong (54), Shanghai (42), Jiangsu (36), Fujian (19), Hunan (7), Jiangxi (5), Henan (4), Anhui (4) ,Beijing (3), Shandong (2), Hebei (1), Guangxi (2), Guizhou (1), Hong Kong (4) and Taiwan (2). In addition, the virus has been detected in one asymptomatic case in Beijing.
Epidemiological update: increase in reporting of human cases of A(H5N1) influenza, Egypt, 9 April 2015
Epidemiological update: increase in reporting of human cases of A(H5N1) influenza, Egypt
Threats and outbreaks of zoonotic influenza diseases
Disease threats and outbreaks reports; Communicable disease threats report, Risk assessments.
Toolkit for investigation of cases of avian influenza
A reference document for responding to human cases of influenza A/H5N1.
Communicable disease threats reports on avian influenza viruses
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats.
Epidemiological updates on avian influenza viruses
Situation updates on a currently evolving outbreak or a public health threat. The epidemiological updates typically contain a description of case numbers, temporal and geographic distribution, as well as age and sex distribution. It can also include information on the identified or potential risk factors and assessments.
Risk assessments on avian influenza viruses
Rapid risk/outbreaks assessment aim at supporting the countries and the European Commission in their preparedness and response to a public health threat. They provide a timely summary and risk assessment of a public health threat for EU/EEA countries related to a specific event. They also include potential options for response. As outbreaks or public health events develop, ECDC may issue updated risk assessments.
Novel avian influenza A(H7N9) virus outbreak
In 2013, a novel avian influenza A(H7N9) virus was detected in patients in China and cases are still being reported. No autochthonous cases have been reported outside China. Most cases are isolated, and sporadic zoonotic transmission from poultry to humans is the most likely explanation for the outbreak.