Communicable disease threats report, 6-12 October 2019, week 41
This issue covers the period 6-12 October 2019 and includes updates on Ebola virus disease, extensively drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, West Nile virus, mass gathering monitoring (Japan, Rugby World Cup 2019), Poliomyelitis, Measles, Zika virus disease, seasonal influenza, XDR-Typhoid fever.
Healthcare-associated infections in intensive care units - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 8.3% (11 787) of the patients who stayed in intensive-care units (ICUs) for more than two days presented with at least one ICU-acquired healthcare-associated infection (HAI) under surveillance (pneumonia, bloodstream infection, or urinary tract infection).
Healthcare-associated infections: surgical site infections - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2017
In 2017, 10 149 SSIs were reported from a total of 648 512 surgical procedures.
Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae - second update
Carbapenem resistance in Enterobacteriaceae such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli poses a significant threat to patients and healthcare systems in all European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections are associated with high mortality, primarily due to delays in administration of effective treatment and the limited availability of treatment options. Hypervirulent carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae strains have been reported presenting an additional threat with a potential for global dissemination. The spread of high risk clones and plasmids carrying carbapenemases in healthcare settings is a major cause of the spread of CRE in EU/EEA countries. Recent events of cross-border importation after patient transfer and large regional outbreaks as well as the worsening epidemiologic situation of carbapenemase-producing CRE in the EU/EEA highlight the high risk for further spread of CRE and the need for enhanced control efforts. Options for control are outlined in the respective section below.
Privacy Statement - Processing of personal data for the survey of carbapenem- and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
Data are processed for the conduct of the carbapenem- and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CCRE) survey as part of molecular surveillance of antimicrobial resistant pathogens according to a protocol. For the CCRE survey bacterial isolates (carbapenem and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae and susceptible control isolates) and related patient data are collected in hospitals in 37 countries with the aim to determine transmission pathways and improve control measures.
Training course on control of multidrug-resistant micro-organisms in health care settings
ECDC is organising a short course on “Control of multidrug-resistant micro-organisms (MDROs) in health care settings”. This training opportunity is addressed at healthcare professionals from European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) countries with current or future responsibility for the prevention and control of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) due to MDROs working at national or local level. The course is offered by invitation only and participants are identified through the ECDC Coordinating Competent Bodies.
Rapid risk assessment: Regional outbreak of New Delhi metallo-betalactamase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Italy, 2018–2019
A large outbreak of New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM)-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) has been reported from the Tuscany region in Italy. Between November 2018 and May 2019, seven Tuscan hospitals notified a total of 350 cases.
Annual meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee for the European Antibiotic Awareness day (EAAD)
The EAAD Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) meets once a year to provide technical advice and the strategic direction for EAAD. In 2019 the meeting will be held in Stockholm on 22 - 24 May.
World Hand Hygiene Day 2019
Each year on 5 May, the “SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands” campaign takes place as part of a major global effort led by the World Health Organization (WHO) to improve hand hygiene in healthcare settings.
Laboratory manual for carbapenem and colistin resistance detection and characterisation for the survey of carbapenem- and/or colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
This protocol is based partly on the laboratory manual developed for the European survey of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (EuSCAPE)