Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Rapid risk assessment: Influenza-associated invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, Europe
This report assesses the risk of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) among patients with severe influenza in hospital intensive care units in the European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA)
Risk assessment for seasonal influenza, EU/EEA, 2017–2018
First detections indicated circulation of A(H3N2) and B/Yamagata viruses. As the former subtype dominated last season, a high proportion of the population should be protected. However, the emergence of variant strains cannot be excluded and this would increase the likelihood of severe outcomes in the elderly
Influenza A(H7N9) virus in China - implications for public health - 7th update, 3 July 2017
Since the notification of a novel reassortant influenza A(H7N9) virus on 31 March 2013, 1 548 laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus have been reported.
Genetic evolution of influenza A(H7N9) virus in China - implications for public health. Sixth update, 9 March 2017
This rapid risk assessment builds on the fifth update of the ECDC rapid risk assessments on avian influenza published on 27 January 2017  and on the recent public health development dated 24 February 2017.
Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus - 5th update, 27 January 2017
Fifth update of the risk assessment on human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, summarising the epidemiological and virological information on the disease in China and Canada, and assessing the risk to public health in the EU/EEA.
Risk assessment update: seasonal influenza, EU/EEA, 2016–2017
This updated risk assessment provides an overview of the current influenza situation in Europe.
Risk assessment of seasonal influenza, EU/EEA, 2016/2017, 24 December 2016
Early-season risk assessment for EU/EEA countries to inform national public health authorities of the key attributes of the ongoing influenza season.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) in Europe, 18 November 2016
This Rapid Risk Assessment summarises the epidemiological, virological and environmental information relating to outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus subtype A(H5N8) in Europe up to 15 November 2016.
Mid-season risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2015–2016 in the EU/EEA countries
This risk assessment summarises the development of the 2015–16 influenza season, which so far has been characterised by a prevalence of type A viruses.